Context: Among the three new state Assemblies being analysed here, only Kerala recorded a marginal increase in seats for women from 8 to 11.

More in the News: 

  • The newly elected West Bengal Assembly, with 294 seats, will have fewer political parties than last time, with its legislators representing 3 parties compared to 8 in 2016. 
  • In Tamil Nadu (234 seats), the number of parties represented in the Assembly has doubled from 4 (in 2016) to 8.
  • The newly elected Kerala legislature, which is smaller with 140 seats, will have MLAs from 16 different parties.

Gender and Age profiles of Three assemblies that is West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

  • Among three Kerala recorded a marginal increase in seats for women from 8 to 11.
  • Women’s representation in West Bengal remained unchanged with 40 seats (41 in 2016). Tamil Nadu, notably, recorded a decline from 21 seats to 12.

Previous instances:

  • With a 243-member Bihar legislature, the number of women MLAs has remained largely unchanged over the last two elections, with 28 women elected in 2015 and 26 in 2020.
  • Marginal change in  Maharashtra, 24 women were elected to the assembly in 2019 as against 20 in 2014.

Probable cause:

  • Major cause can be Pandemic, the full family is constrained in the house, so women are naturally bound to work for the family rather than getting out and contest elections.
  • Roots of Patriarchal thinking in the Society still persist especially in the rural areas.

Source: The Indian Express