According to recent data presented in Rajya Sabha, among those admitted at the doctoral level only 9.1% SCs and 2.1% STs among those admitted at the doctoral level.

Key findings of the data:

  • Low enrollment: Enrolment of students from marginalized communities, mainly the Scheduled Castes (SC) and the Scheduled Tribes (ST), was abysmally low in Ph.D. from 2015 to 2019.
  • Enrollment lower than reserved seats: Of the 25,007 Ph.D. scholars admitted in the 23 IITs over the five-year period, only 9.1% were from the SC communities and 2.1% from the STs which is lower than the 15% seats reserved for the former and 7.5% for the latter.
  • Lack of inclusivity: Seat reserved for OBCs is 27%, however, OBCs enrollment was only 23.2%.
  • Out of total 2/3rd of seats went to the general category.
  • IITs located in places with large populations of marginalized communities: Only the IIT-Dhanbad ((Indian School of Mines) in Jharkhand had a minimum of 15% from SC communities and the IIT-Bhilai in Chhattisgarh met 7.5% reservation for STs.IIT-Guwahati came closer with 6.9% of its Ph.D. scholars from the STs.
  • Nearly 60% of all Ph.D. admissions happened in the five bigger and older IITs — Madras, Bombay, Delhi, Kanpur, and Kharagpur. However, these were also the institutes with some of the lowest enrolments from the Scheduled communities.
    • Of the 1,653 scholars admitted in IIT-Kanpur, only 11 (0.6 %) were from the ST communities. 
    • IIT Madras had the least representation from the SC communities (6.4 %) among the five.however, it also contributed to more than one-fourth (26%) of admissions in all IITs

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