Context: Savitribai Phule, the social reformer who is considered to be one of India’s first modern feminists, was born on January 3, 1831. 

About Savitribai phule

Phule was born in Naigaon, Maharashtra in 1831 and married activist and social-reformer Jyotirao Phule when she was nine years old.

Achievements of Savithri bhai phule in various fields 

  • Role as a social reformer 
  • She founded India's first school for girls called Bhide Wada in Pune in 1848.
  • During that time the idea of teaching girls was considered to be a radical.
  • Nationalists including Tilak opposed the setting up of schools for girls and non-Brahmins citing loss of nationality.
  • She along with her husband (Jyotirao Phule) started the Satyashodhak Samaj (Society for Truth-Seeking), through which they wanted to initiate the practice of Satyashodhak marriage, in which no dowry was taken.

Literary contributions

  • Savitribai is  one of the first published women in modern India.
  • She  developed a voice and agency of her own, at a time when women were suppressed and lived a “sub-human existence”.
  • Savithribhai works were written in Marathi.
  •  She advocated values such as humanism, liberty, equality, brotherhood, rationalism and the importance of education among others through her works.
  • Her books of poems “Kavya Phule” and “Bavan Kashi Subodh Ratnakar” were published in 1934 and 1982.