• SSA, is an Indian Government programme aimed at the universalisation of primary education "in a time bound manner". The 86th Amendment to the Constitution of India made education to children between the ages of 6 to 14 free and compulsory.
  • SSA is a Centrally sponsored scheme and it has been operational since 2000-2001.
  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is implemented in partnership with State Governments and UT Administrations for universalizing elementary education across the country. 
  • SSA has been designated as the scheme for meeting the objectives of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009.

Key initiatives under SSA

  • Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat is a nationwide sub-programme of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.Children who fail to read in early education lag behind in other subjects. The programme is designed to improve comprehensive early reading, writing and early mathematics programme for children in Classes I and II. 
  • Shagun portal – an Initiative to monitor the implementation of SSA: the portal is developed by MHRD. The portal has two parts- 
    • One is a Repository of good practices where best practices are documented in the form of videos, testimonials, case studies, and images, which display State-level innovations and success stories.
    • The second part of the portal is the online monitoring module to measure state-level performance and progress against key educational indicators to track the efficiency with which SSA funds are being utilized and the results that this is delivering. 
  • Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan (RAA): It was launched in 2015 to strengthen teaching learning of maths and science in upper primary classes. It is an initiative to motivate and encourage children of the age- group 6-18 years, in Science, Mathematics and technology. 
  • Vidyanjali scheme: It is an online platform with to engage volunteers in Government schools called Vidyanjali. Under Vidyanjali, volunteers will be able to make an offering of knowledge to children in co scholastic areas such as story- telling and reading. This nationwide programme has been launched in the pilot phase across 2200 schools in 21 states.