• Recently Santhali made its debut in Rajya Sabha.
  • Sarojni Hembram of BJD from Odisha spoke in the Santhali to raise the matter during Zero Hour.

Zero Hour: 

  • The time immediately following the Question Hour has come to be known as "Zero Hour". 
  • It starts at around 12 noon (hence the name) and members can, with prior notice to the Speaker, raise issues of importance during this time.

About Santhali Language:

  • Santhali is the language from North Mundari group of the Austroasiatic-Munda family.
  • It is primarily spoken in India (Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha and Assam), Bangladesh and Nepal.
  • The Ol Chiki script for Santhali was created by Pt. Raghunath Murmu in 1925.
  • Pt. Murmu is revered by tribals and is recognised as a big cultural icon in the state.
  • Santhali, written in the Ol Chiki script currently has content of about 70,000 words.
  • Recent Development in Santhali Language:
    • By 92nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 2003, 4 new languages (Bodo, Maithili, Dogri & Santhali) were added to the 8th Schedule of the Indian Constitution.
    • Shikha Mandi, a radio jockey, became India’s first to host a show in the language in November 2017. 
    • It got a Wikipedia edition in its own script, in August, 2018.

Santhal(Santal) Tribe:

Santhal(Santal) Tribe

Source: The Hindu

  • The Santals form the third largest tribal group in India.
  • They call themselves Hor ko ("Man") or Horhopon ko ("sons of Man").  They are also known as Manjhi
  • In Jharkhand, Orissa, and West Bengal, the Santals are classed as a Scheduled Tribe, but not in Assam.
  • Santal Rebellion, 1855: Santals began protesting their mis-treatment by landlords, moneylenders, and traders. Failing to get any redress from government officials (the settlement was located in territory administered by the East India Company), the protest turned into a full-scale rebellion.

The scope of higher education in Santhali is increasing over the past few years. This will increase the scope of reading in Ol Chiki script. It will further enthuse Santhali speakers to pursue higher education in their mother tongue.