sagar-parikrama

CONTEXT

Sagar Parikrama is a programme as a mark of gratitude to our seas, launched on occasion of 75th Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsava saluting our great freedom fighters, sailors and fishers by the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying.

Sagar Parikrama 

  • Sagar Parikrama program is proposed to be celebrated in all coastal states/UTs.
  • Oceans are the world’s single largest ecosystem, covering nearly three-fourths of the earth’s surface, thereby providing a massive arena for emerging complex and interconnected development issues like livelihoods, commerce, and security.
  • India has a coastline of 8118km, covering 9 maritime States/4UTs and providing livelihood support to millions of coastal fisher folk.
  • An evolutionary journey is envisaged in the sea across the coastal belt demonstrating solidarity with all fisher folk, fish farmers and concerned stakeholders as a spirit of Aatmanirbhar Bharat.
  • The journey will start from Gujarat.
    • Bardoli Satyagraha led by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in 1928 during the Civil Disobedience movement was a major event in the Indian freedom movement.
    • The entire distance will be covered from the coastline of Mandvi on the coast of the Arabian Sea in the Kutch district of Gujarat, situated at the estuary where the river Rukmavati meets the Gulf of Kutch.
  • The journey of Sagar Parikrama shall focus on sustainable balance between the utilization of marine fisheries resources for food security of the nation and livelihoods of coastal fisher communities and protection of marine ecosystems.
  • The certificates /sanctions related to Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampadha scheme, KCC & State Scheme would be awarded to the progressive fishermen.

Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampadha scheme (PMMSY)

  • The Blue Revolution was launched in 2015 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for 5 years (2015-16 to 2019-20) to catalyze the ‘Integrated, Responsible and Holistic Development and Management of the Fisheries Sector’.
  • PMMSY, a flagship scheme for focused and sustainable development of the fisheries sector (FY 2020-21 to FY 2024-25), launched in all States/UTs , as a part of AatmaNirbhar Bharat Package.
  • It primarily focuses on adopting ‘Cluster or Area based approaches’ and creation of Fisheries clusters through backward and forward linkages.
  • Targets of scheme:
    • Enhancing fish production by an additional 70 lakh tonne by 2024-25
    • Increasing fisheries export earnings to Rs.1,00,000 crore by 2024-25
    • Doubling of incomes of fishers and fish farmers
    • Reducing post-harvest losses from 20-25% to about 10%
    • Generation of additional 55 lakhs direct and indirect gainful employment opportunities in fisheries sector and allied activities

 

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