Context: The first of two additional Krivak class stealth frigates being built by Russia is expected to be delivered to India in the middle of 2023.


  • In October 2016, India and Russia signed an Inter-Governmental Agreement (IGA) for four Krivak or Talwar class stealth frigates (two to be procured directly from Russia and two to be built by Goa Shipyard Ltd. (GSL)) after which a $1 billion deal was signed for the direct purchase.
  • The Navy currently operates six Krivak class frigates procured in two different batches.

Probable reason behind the delay

  • Due to COVID we had delays in execution of some of the stages of construction. There was an approximately eight-month delay. The first ship should be delivered in the middle of 2023.

Technology Transfer

  • Russia would soon be inviting Indian technicians for the ongoing construction of the two frigates at the Yantar shipyard in Russia to familiarise themselves with the specificity of the equipment and the construction. 
  • In the second stage, substantial work would be done at GSL, including technology transfer.
  • The frigates were being built to operate both Indian and Russian equipment.

Related Facts

INS Talwar/Krivak:

  • The Talwar-class frigates or Project 11356 are a class of stealth guided missile frigates designed and built by Russia for the Indian Navy.
  • The Talwar-class guided missile frigates are the improved versions of the Krivak III-class (Project 1135) frigates used by the Russian Coast Guard.
  • The design has been further developed as the Admiral Grigorovich-class frigate for the Russian Navy. 
  • Six ships were built in two batches between 1999 and 2013.
  • Currently, six talwar classes are active in Indian Navy (INS Talwar, INS Trishul, INS Tabar,  INS Teg, INS Tarkash, INS Trikand).