About Road Accidents In India

Road Accidents In India

Updated on 24 December, 2019

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According to the Lancet, India will not be able to curb deaths due to road accidents even a decade from now.

Facts and Data-

  • In 2017, 1.38 lakh people died from injuries sustained during road mishaps — 58.7 percent more than in 1990. The global rate was 8.1 percent.
  • The deaths caused due to road injury in India accounted for 2.2 percent in 2017 while in 1990, this contribution was 1.7 percent. 
    • While India’s proportion increased, road injury-related deaths reduced globally in 2017.
  • Males accounted for 77 percent of all road injury deaths in India. The highest crude death rates for road injuries in males were in Uttarakhand, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Jammu and Kashmir, and Himachal Pradesh.
    • Females have a lower risk of road injury due to cultural or economic reasons and lower-risk taking behavior than males.
  • According to 2017 estimates, the worse–off states for pedestrians are Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Manipur.
    • For motorcyclists, the states that are worse include Punjab, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, and Mizoram.
    • Cyclists’ deaths have happened more in Punjab, Delhi, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Jharkhand.
  • As far as the gap between achieving the SDG target by 2020 and the estimated rate of death prevalence was concerned, ten states — Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Jharkhand, and Manipur — will be bigger losers than others. Other states were also off track but the difference in the gap will be less than these ten states.
  • With deaths due to road injuries being the leading cause of death in males aged 15–39 years and the second leading cause of death in this age group for both sexes combined in 2017.

UN-Wide Road Safety Strategy-

  • The UN has launched a road safety strategy in support of the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020, which was established by the UN General Assembly (UNGA) in 2010.
  • The initiative also will contribute to the two SDG targets that address road safety:
    • SDG target 3.6 on halving the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents; and
    • SDG target 11.2 on providing access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems as well as improve road safety for all.

Reason for road accidents-

The three most important factors influencing road-related injuries-

  1. Road behavior

  • In India, while the proportion of male deaths in road accidents has been much higher historically, the researchers attributed this trend to behavioral tendencies.
  • The proportion of male deaths in road accidents has been much higher historically, the researchers attributed this trend to behavioral tendencies.
  • Females have a lower risk of road injury due to cultural or economic reasons and lower-risk taking behavior than males.
  1. Lack of infrastructure-

  • The higher death rate for road injuries in India among motorcyclists and cyclists than the global average indicates that road infrastructure and vehicle design in the country gives priority to car owners, and not to those who might not be able to afford a car, so affecting their safety.
  1. Vehicle technology-

  • Vehicle technology is significant. For example, for a very long time, the automobile lobby campaigned against the automatic brake system because it would have required them to tweak designs.
  • India had a vehicle revolution, with the number of vehicles rising extremely fast. But this growth in numbers happened without growth in safety implementations. The required law enforcement and infra never matched the pace.

Way forward-

  • Cycles and motorcycles are still an important mode of transport in many cities. If we can’t have separate paths, there can at least be separate demarcation.
  • In road safety management, there should be an accident blackspot or black spot where road traffic accidents have historically been concentrated. 
  • The government has to invest more in public transport and remove all barriers in the successful implementation of Bus Rapid Transport projects across India.
  • There is a need for strict rules if RTOs issue driving licenses in a hasty manner.

Road injuries can have far-reaching economic implications including loss of the primary breadwinner, funeral costs, and costs of care, which can push families into poverty. A substantial proportion of these deaths due to road injuries are likely to occur during commuting to and from work as shown in India. Therefore, the Government needs to improve the availability of healthcare facilities on highways so that injuries are immediately addressed.

Also readRoad Accidents kill 400/day, 1/4th Of Them In UP & Tamil Nadu

About Road Accidents In India

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