Anglo-India Community - The question prevailed over the extension of the reservation for 2 seats in the Lok sabha.
Constitutional protection through the years
- Under article 334(b)and 331, two members of the Anglo Indian community have been nominated in the Lok Sabha since the adoption of the Constitution.
- Notwithstanding anything in Article 81, the President may, if he is of the opinion that the Anglo-Indian community is not adequately represented in the House of the People, nominate not more than two members of that community to the House of the People.
- Article 334 of the Constitution had originally required the reservation of elected seats to cease in 1960, but this was extended to 1970 by the 8th Amendment.
- The period of reservation was extended to 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2010 by the 23rd, 45th, 62nd, and 79th Amendments respectively.
- The 95th Amendment extended the period of the reservation to 2020.
Reason for giving reservation to the anglo-India community at the time of independence
- The “Anglo-Indian” community has been in existence for about 500 years but was not recognized as such until the twentieth century.
- The Constitution of India permanently laid down the definition for the community which is a recognized minority community, giving it a distinct identity in the great diversity that is India.
Problem with the removal of reservation for the Anglo Indians
- The community may be rendered exposed and defenseless, just like so many other marginalized minority groups that struggle to exist and coexist in this great country.
- No representation in the government.
The case for the removal of the reservation for the Anglo-Indians
- Questionable nomination process: People close to the political families were appointed.
- People have moved back to their place of origin.
- With less than 1.5 lac population the need for reservation needs to be considered.
Though the separate representation of Anglo-Indian can be taken off it should be replaced with the transgender representation.
Also read: What is Article 35A