Question paper UPSC Mains 2017 GSM3

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By admin June 29, 2017 11:32

Answers the following Question No. 1 to 10 in 150 words and 10 marks each:

Question 1: Among several factors for India’s potential growth, savings rate is the most effective one. Do you agree? What are the other factors available for growth potential?

Question 2: Account for the failure of manufacturing sector in achieving the goal of labor-intensive exports rather than capital-intensive exports. Suggest measures for more labor-intensive rather than capital-intensive exports.

Question 3: Examine the developments of Airports in India through Joint Ventures under Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model. What are the challenges faced by the authorities in this regard.

Question 4: Explain various types of revolutions, took place in Agriculture after Independence in India. How these revolutions have helped in poverty alleviation and food security in India?

Question 5: What are the reasons for poor acceptance of cost effective small processing unit? How the food processing unit will be helpful to uplift the socio-economic status of poor farmers?

Question 6: Stem cell therapy is gaining popularity in India to treat a wide variety of medical conditions including Leukaemia, Thalassemia, damaged cornea and several burns. Describe briefly what stem cell therapy is and what advantages it has over other treatments?

Question 7: India has achieved remarkable successes in unmanned space missions including the Chandrayaan and Mars Orbiter Mission, but has not ventured into manned space mission, both in terms of technology and logistics? Explain critically.

Question 8: Not many years ago, river linking was a concept but it is becoming reality in the country. Discuss the advantages of river linking and its possible impact on the environment.

Question 9: Discuss the potential threats of Cyber-attack and the security framework to prevent it.

Question 10: The north-eastern region of India has been infested with insurgency for a very long time. Analyze the major reasons for the survival of armed insurgency in this region.

 

Answers the following Question No. 11 to 20 in 250 words and 15 marks each:

Question 11: One of the intended objectives of Union Budget 2017-18 is to ‘transform, energize and clean India’. Analyse the measures proposed in the Budget 2017-18 to achieve the objective.

Question 12: “Industrial growth rate has lagged behind in the overall growth of Gross-Domestic-Product (GDP) in the post-reform period” Give reasons. How far the recent changes in Industrial Policy are capable of increasing the industrial growth rate?

Question 13: What are the salient features of ‘inclusive growth’? Has India been experiencing such a growth process? Analyze and suggest measures for inclusive growth.

Question 14: What are the major reasons for declining rice and wheat yield in the cropping system? How crop diversification is helpful to stabilize the yield of the crop in the system?

Question 15: How do subsidies affect the cropping pattern, crop diversity and economy of farmers? What is the significance of crop insurance, minimum support price and food processing for small and marginal farmers?

Question 16: Give an account of the growth and development of nuclear science and technology in India. What is the advantage of fast breeder reactor programme in India?

Question 17: ‘Climate Change’ is a global problem. How India will be affected by climate change? How Himalayan and coastal states of India will be affected by climate change?

Question 18: On December 2004, tsumani brought havoc on 14 countries including India. Discuss the factors responsible for occurrence of Tsunami and its effects on life and economy. In the light of guidelines of NDMA (2010) describe the mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events.

Question 19: Mob violence is emerging as a serious law and order problem in India. By giving suitable examples, analyze the causes and consequences of such violence.

Question 20: The scourge of terrorism is a grave challenge to national security. What solutions do you suggest to curb this growing menace? What are the major sources of terrorist funding?

 

Question Answer
1.factors affecting growth potential apart from savings rate
  • Yojana March 2017: “SWOT analysis of Indian Economy” by IIM Professor and member of monetary policy Committee -Dr.Ravindra Dholakia.
2. Suggest measures for more labour-intensive rather than capital-intensive exports.
  • Economic survey has been highlighting this since last three years.
3.JV model in Airport PPP
  • Generic points of PPP challenges given in Kelkar Committee report last year. 
4. How Agri. revolutions have helped in poverty alleviation and food security in India?
  • Kurkshetra 2016 March PDF page 5 onwards in Sandip Das’s article.
    Alternatively NCERT class11-Indian Economy:
  • P24 onwards: Green Revolution Phase-I and II.
  • P109: golden revolution in fisheries (1991-2003)
5. Why poor acceptance of cost effective small processing unit? How the food processing uplift poor farmers?
6. What stem cell therapy is and what advantages it has over other treatments?
  • Yojana December 2016 Page 51 short note is given.
7. India has not ventured into manned space mission? Explain critically.
  • ISRO is working on a human space flight Programme.
8. advantages of river linking and its possible impact on the environment.
9. Cyber-attack and the security framework in India?
  • Internal Security by M.Karthikeyan
10.The north-eastern insurgency?
  • 2nd ARC: 7th Report Ch. 12
11. ‘transform, energize and clean India’ agenda in Budget-2017
  • Entire budget-2017 
  • Alternatively Yojana March 2017
12 Recent changes in Industrial Policy are capable of increasing the industrial growth rate?
  • Seems UPSC examiner framed this question like a postdated cheque 
13.inclusive growth in India
  • Plenty of points available in NITI3YR PDF as well as my economic survey lecture series.
14.why declining rice and wheat yield in the cropping system? How crop diversification can help?
  • ShankarIAS’s Agriculture book 
15. Subsidies affect the cropping pattern, crop diversity and economy of farmers?
16. Nuclear science and technology in India.
17.‘Climate Change’ on Himalayan and coastal states of India
  • ShankarIAS Environment Book 
18.Tsunami management
  • 2nd ARC 3rd report 
19.Mob violence
  • 2nd ARC 5th Public Order
20. Terrorism? 2nd ARC 8th Report

 

Subjects 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Growth 10 25 37.5 12.5 15
Budget 30 0 12.5 12.5 15
Liberalization 20 25 0 12.5 15
Infra, Invest 10 37.5 12.5 25 10

 

Subjects 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Landform 10 0 0 12.5 0
Cropping 0 0 0 37.5 15
MSP-PDS 20 12.5 0 0 15
E-Tech in aid 0 0 12.5 0 10
Food Processing 10 12.5 37.5 0 10

 

Subjects 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Science & Technology  40 12.5 25 0 10
Science & Technology ( Indian)  0 25 12.5 25 25
Environment 35 25 25 25 25
Disaster 10 12.5 12.5 25 15

 

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By admin June 29, 2017 11:32