Answers the following Question No. 1 to 25 in Maximum 200 words and 10 marks each: Question 1: The role of individual MPs (Members of Parliament) has diminished over the years and as a result healthy constructive debates on policy issues are not usually witnessed. How far can this be attributed to the anti-defection law, which was legislated but with a different intention? Question 2: Discuss Section 66A of IT Act, with reference to its alleged violation of Article 19 of the Constitution. Question 3: Recent directives from Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas are perceived by the ‘Nagas’ as a threat to override the exceptional status enjoyed by the State. Discuss in light of Article 371A of the Indian Constitution. Question 4: The Supreme Court of India keeps a check on arbitrary power of the Parliament in amending the Constitution. Discuss critically. Question 5: Many State Governments further bifurcate geographical administrative areas like Districts and Talukas for better governance. In light of the above, can it also be justified that more number of smaller States would bring in effective governance at State level? Discuss. Question 6: Constitutional mechanisms to resolve the inter-state water disputes have failed to address and solve the problems. Is the failure due to structural or process inadequacy or both? Discuss. Question 7: Discuss the recommendations of the 13th Finance Commission which have been a departure from the previous commissions for strengthening the local government finances. Question 8: The product diversification of financial institutions and insurance companies, resulting in overlapping of products and services strengthens the case for the merger of the two regulatory agencies, namely SEBI and IRDA. Justify. Question 9: The concept of Mid-Day Meal (MDM) scheme is almost a century old in India with early beginnings in Madras Presidency in pre-independent India. The scheme has again been given impetus in most states in the last two decades. Critically examine its twin objectives, latest mandates and success. Question 10: Pressure group politics is sometimes seen as the informal face of politics. With regards to the above, assess the structure and functioning of pressure groups in India. Question 11: The legitimacy and accountability of Self Help Groups (SHGs) and their patrons, the micro-finance outfits, need systematic assessment and scrutiny for the sustained success of the concept. Discuss. Question 12: The Central Government frequently complains on the poor performance of the State Governments in eradicating suffering of the vulnerable sections of the society. Restructuring of Centrally sponsored schemes across the sectors for ameliorating the cause of vulnerable sections of population aims at providing flexibility to the States in better implementation. Critically evaluate. Question 13: Electronic cash transfer system for the welfare schemes is an ambitious project to minimize corruption, eliminate wastage and facilitate reforms. Comment. Question 14: The basis of providing urban amenities in rural areas (PURA) is rooted in establishing connectivity. Comment. Question 15: Identify the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that are related to health. Discuss the success of the actions taken by the Government for achieving the same. Question 16: Though Citizen’s charters have been formulated by many public service delivery organizations, there is no corresponding improvement in the level of citizens’ satisfaction and quality of services being provided. Analyse. Question 17: ‘A national Lokpal, however strong it may be, cannot resolve the problems of immorality in public affairs’. Discuss. Question 18: The proposed withdrawal of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) from Afghanistan in 2014 is fraught with major security implications for the countries of the region. Examine in light of the fact that India is faced with a plethora of challenges and needs to safeguard its own strategic interests. Question 19: What do you understand by ‘The String of Pearls’? How does it impact India? Briefly outline the steps taken by India to counter this. Question 20: Economic ties between India and Japan while growing in the recent years are still far below their potential. Elucidate the policy constraints which are inhibiting this growth. Question 21: The protests in Shahbag Square in Dhaka in Bangladesh reveal a fundamental split in society between the nationalists and Islamic forces. What is its significance for India? Question 22: Discuss the political developments in Maldives in the last two years. Should they be of any cause of concern to India? Question 23: In respect of India — Sri Lanka relations, discuss how domestic factors influence foreign policy. Question 24: What is meant by Gujral doctrine? Does it have any relevance today? Discuss. Question 25.The World Bank and the IMF, collectively known as the Bretton Woods Institutions, are the two inter-governmental pillars supporting the structure of the world’s economic and financial order. Superficially, the World Bank and the IMF exhibit many common characteristics, yet their role, functions and mandate are distinctly different. Elucidate.