Q.3)The solution for Indo-China relations lies in “mutual respect”, “peace” and “tranquility”. Discuss with respect to recent hostilities between India and China.

Why this Question:

Recently India has seen an increase in hostilities from China and the continuous tensions along the border.

Key demand of the Question:

Importance of China as a neighbor of India and peaceful methods to resolve the issues.


Discuss- back up the answer by carefully selected evidence to make a case for and against an argument, or point out the advantages and disadvantages of the given context and finally arrive at a conclusion.


Give an introduction of the relations between India and China giving a historical perspective.


In the first part, write about the recent clash between India and China along the LAC, Galwan valley incident and other issues between the two countries like differences on LAC, Tawang, Aksai Chin, huge trade deficit, CPEC, continuous support to Pakistan by China, etc.

In the next part, write about the need of “mutual respect”, “peace” and “tranquility” between the two countries to resolve the issues and why violent means will not be beneficial to anyone and also harmful to the countries around. Mention some key steps taken by India in this regard like Informal summits, bilateral talks and negotiations, etc.


Conclude by giving a way forward for resolution of issues.