Q.4)The prisons of India reflect the misery of human rights and are in desperate need of reforms. Discuss. 

Why this question:

An important part of GS paper II.

Key Demand of the question:

The situation of Indian prisons and the impact it has on human rights. Also suggest reforms to improve the condition.


Discuss- back up the answer by carefully selected evidence to make a case for and against an argument, or point out the advantages and disadvantages of the given context and finally arrive at a conclusion.


Briefly introduce the situation in Indian prisons using statistics.


In the first part, mention the need for reforms of Indian prisons by highlighting the various human rights violations that occur in them.

In the next part mention reforms that Indian prisons need. Focus on the recommendations of the SC panel on prison reforms.


Conclude by mentioning that India is a signatory to various Human rights conventions and has its own set of fundamental rights, and such violations can tarnish the global image of India.