Q.2)“The original purpose of PILs has been to make justice accessible to the poor and the marginalized.” Critically analyze.

Why this question:

PILs are an important part of GS Paper II.

Key demand of the question:

Highlight the importance of PILs in a democracy and its role in justice delivery. Also highlight the 

Challenges associated with it that have emerged over time.


Critically analyze- The key to tackling this question is providing ample evidence to support the claims. Ensure that the analysis is balanced by shedding light on, and presenting a critique of, and alternative perspectives. Present extensive evidence taken from a varying range of sources.


Briefly write about the evolution of PILs in India.


In the first part, mention the significance of PILs. Give examples of some PILs that have brought a significant impact on the society.

In the next part, highlight the recent challenges associated with it and how it has become a tool to misuse.


Conclude with a way forward.