Q.5)The key to India’s science and technology development lies in self-reliance. Examine the role of India’s draft National Science, Technology and Innovation Policy with respect to India’s goal of “Atmanirbhar Bharat”.

Why this question:

The government has recently released the draft National Science, Technology and Innovation Policy (STIP 2020).

Key demand of the question:

Key provisions of the draft National Science, Technology and Innovation Policy (STIP 2020), its merits and demerits; and how it is a key step towards an Atmanirbhar Bharat.


Examine- demonstrate critical examination of a subject. Recap or summarize the major themes or points in question, and critically discuss them while giving an opinion.


Mention about the need for self- reliance in science and technology.


In the first part, mention the key features of the STIP 2020 and the steps it takes to promote innovations and research in the country.

In the next part, highlight how recent incidents such as the pandemic have increased the need for innovations in the country and how the STIP 2020 will play a key role in making India Atmanirbhar or self- reliant in the fields of science, technology and innovation and aims to position India among the top 3 scientific superpowers. Also mention the loopholes with the policy.


Conclude with a way forward.