Q.5)Judicial independence is directly linked with human rights and liberties of the society. In this context, critically evaluate the problems in the Indian judiciary and the judicial reforms needed.

Why this question 

Part of GS paper- II.

Key demand of the question 

Problems that the Indian judicial system is currently facing and reforms that are needed.


Critically evaluate - Give your verdict as to what extent a statement or findings within a piece of research are true, or to what extent you agree with them. Provide evidence taken from a wide range of sources which both agree with and contradict an argument. Come to a final conclusion, basing your decision on what you judge to be the most important factors and justify how you have made your choice.


Introduce by giving the importance of an effective judicial system to ensure the protection of fundamental rights of citizens.


In the first part, categorically explain the problems that the Indian judiciary is facing- pendency of cases, judicial overreach, political interference, infrastructural issues, etc.

In the next part, provide adequate solutions for these problems. Reference of several committees on judicial reforms can be given- Malimath Committee, Law Commission, etc.


Conclude with a way forward.