Q.4)Devolution of funds has been a major concern for effective working of local self-governance in India. Critically analyze how local self-governance can strengthen democracy.

Why this Question:

Local self-governments form an important part of GS II.

Key demand of the Question:

Mention how untimely devolution of funds has caused inefficiency of the local self-governments.


Critically Analyze- The key to tackling this question is providing ample evidence to support the claims. Ensure that the analysis is balanced by shedding light on, and presenting a critique of, and alternative perspectives. Present extensive evidence taken from a varying range of sources.


Mention by introducing local self governments, when they were introduced, 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts in DPSP.


In the first part mention the benefits of having an efficient local self government and the role they play in development at the ground level.

In the next part mention the challenges they face especially w.r.t. devolution of funds.


Provide measures to strengthen local self-governments as it was something that Mahatma Gandhi dreamt of.