Q2. Critically Examine the role played by parliament committees and what difficulties do they face from time to time?

Why this question:

Committees are an essential part of the legislative process,identifying issues suitable for legislative review.

Key demand of the question:

What is a parliamentary committee? - role played by them - challenges they face.


Critically Examine -Role played by themEstablish the key facts and important issues surrounding the topic. Try and offer reasons  explaining the different ways they could be construed.


Give a brief introduction about the parliamentary committee challenges they face from time to time ,its establishment,challenges faced to archive the output.


In the first part, mention about the committee -The challenges they face while working- why we need parliamentary committee - its role in the passage of the bill 


Conclude with the way forward.

Model Answer

Parliament deliberates on matters that are complex, and therefore needs technical expertise to understand such matters better. Committees help with this by providing a forum where Members can engage with domain experts and government officials during the course of their study. 

It means a Committee which is appointed or elected by the House or nominated by the Speaker and which works under the direction of the Speaker and presents its report to the House or to the Speaker and the Secretariat for which is provided by the Lok Sabha Secretariat.

  1. Standing Committees are permanent and regular committees which are constituted from time to time in pursuance of the provisions of an Act of Parliament or Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha. The work of these Committees is of continuous nature. The Financial Committees, DRSCs and some other Committees come under the category of Standing Committees.
  2. Ad hoc Committees are appointed for a specific purpose and they cease to exist when they finish the task assigned to them and submit a report. The principal Ad hoc Committees are the Select and Joint Committees on Bills. Railway Convention Committee, Joint Committee on Food Management in Parliament House Complex etc also come under the category of ad hoc Committees.

Why need Parliamentary Committee 

  • Parliament scrutinizes legislative proposals (Bills) in two ways. The first is by discussing it on the floor of the two Houses.
  • This is a legislative requirement; all Bills have to be taken up for debate.

Its role in the passage of a Bill

  • The debate in the house is mostly political and does not go into the technical details of a legislative proposal.
  • The second mechanism is by referring a Bill to a parliamentary committee. It takes care of the legislative infirmity of debate on the floor of the House.
  • However, referring to Bills to parliamentary committees is not mandatory.

Challenges faced by parliamentary committee : - ( 1)Lack of expert staff (2) roles decreasing due to less numbers of bills being referred to it.