Q.8) Indo-Bangladesh relations have completed 50 years of bilateral ties. Discuss the importance of Indo-Bangladesh ties with respect to India’s “Neighbourhood First Policy”.

Why this Question:

Recently, Bangladesh completed 50 years of independence and on this occasion Bangladeshi Tri-Service contingent took part in India’s Republic day celebrations.

Key Demand of the Question:

Mention the importance of bilateral relations with Bangladesh.


Discuss- back up the answer by carefully selected evidence to make a case for and against an argument, or point out the advantages and disadvantages of the given context and finally arrive at a conclusion.


Briefly mention about the origin of Indo- Bangladesh Bilateral relations in 1971.


In the first part, mention that Bangladesh is an important part of the Neighbourhood First Policy and it has varied importance for India- economic, political, strategic and security interests.

In the next part, write about the recent strain in ties mainly due to the Rohingya crisis and the growing presence of China in Bangladesh and how it is detrimental to India’s interests.


Conclude with a way forward by giving measures that should be appointed by the Government to maintain the strong relations.