Q. Examine the requirement for and meaning of 'Deep Ocean Mission' to be launched by India.

Why this question:

The mission will give a boost to efforts to explore India's vast Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf.

The mission proposes to explore the deep ocean similar to the space exploration started by ISRO about 35 years ago.

Key demand of the question:

Requirement and meaning of deep ocean mission- why India is launching this mission.


 Examine -Examine the structure ,  nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and presenting them as a whole in a summary.


Give a brief introduction about the parliamentary committee challenges they face from time to time ,its establishment,challenges faced to archive the output.


Briefly explain about the deep ocean mission - what is the requirement, meaning for the same.


Conclude with the way forward.

Model Answer


Deep Ocean mission is an Indian initiative to undertake deep ocean exploration focused on India's exclusive economic zones and continental shelf. 

The focus of the mission will be on deep-sea mining, ocean climate change advisory services, underwater vehicles and underwater robotics related technologies.

  • The mission is expected to cost ₹4,077 crore over the next five years.
  • MoES will be the nodal Ministry implementing this multi-institutional mission.

Components of the mission - 

  • Development of Ocean Climate Change Advisory Services.
  • Development of a component for searching deep sea flora and fauna, including microbes, and studying ways to sustainably utilise them.
  • The final component is aimed at grooming experts in the field of ocean biology and engineering. This component aims to translate research into industrial applications and product development through on-site business incubator facilities.
  • Deep Ocean Survey and Exploration: The primary objective of this component is to explore and identify potential sites of multi-metal Hydrothermal Sulphides mineralization along the Indian Ocean mid-oceanic ridges. This component will additionally support the Blue Economy priority area of deep sea exploration of ocean resources.


  • The mission will give a boost to efforts to explore India’s vast Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf.
  • The plan will enable India to develop capabilities to exploit resources in the Central Indian Ocean Basin (CIOB).