Q)Define the role and functions of the Election Commission. What are its discretionary powers during the time of elections?

Why this question:

Constitutional Bodies are an important part of GS Paper II.

Key demand of the question:

Role, functions and powers of the EC


Give a brief introduction about the Election Commission and its constitutional status.


In the first part, mention the role and functions of the Election Commission of India.

In the next part, write about the discretionary powers of the EC during elections like imposing the Model Code of Conduct, cancelling of polls, etc.


Conclude with a way forward to strengthen the role of EC as an independent body conducting and managing free and fair elections in the country.