In News: The Prime Minister of India paid tribute to Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya on his 158th birth anniversary (25th December, 2019).
About Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya:
- He was a freedom fighter and social reformer who served as Congress President on 4 occasions (Lahore 1909, Delhi 1918, Delhi 1932, Calcutta 1933).
- His works:
- He was the editor of a Hindi magazine, ‘Hindustan’.
- He became the editor of the ‘Indian Opinion’ in 1889.
- He also started a Hindi weekly ‘Abhyudaya’, an English daily ‘Leader’, a Hindi newspaper ‘Maryada’.
- Contribution in freedom movement:
- He opposed separate electorates to Muslims ,the Lucknow Pact and INC’s participation in Khilafat movement.
- He was a participant in the Second Round Table Conference in 1931.
- He started the Ganga Mahasabha to oppose construction of dams in the Ganga.
- Social reforms initiated by him:
- He was also a social reformer who opposed untouchability. He worked for the temple entry of Dalits at the Kalaram Temple at Nashik, Maharashtra.
- He opposed the system of indentured labor during the British Empire.
- Reforms in the field of education:
- He espoused free and compulsory primary education.
- He played a pivotal role in establishing Banaras Hindu University in 1916 and later on became its vice chancellor in 1939.
- He supported the nationalization of railways.
He was awarded India’s Highest Civilian Honour i.e Bharat Ratna posthumously in 2014.