In a bid to reduce the delay of crop insurance claim settlements and increase the accuracy of compensation due to farmers, a pilot project will test the use of technology to determine crop yield estimates at the panchayat level this summer. Background

  • Crop yield information is essential for the Pradhan Mantri Faisal Bima Yojana to work.
  • CCE (Crop Cutting Experiment) is a process used to analyse the overall crop yield of the village and forms the basis for the Government to disburse crop insurance claims to farmers, under the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
  • The PMFBY requires the States to carry out a minimum of four crop-wise CCEs in every gram panchayat for the submission of the yield data to insurance companies within 30 days of harvest.
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  • The current methodology of yield estimation is affected by the lack of current year information at the time of planning of CCEs, affecting the precision of estimates.
  • The Agriculture Ministry has tried several methods to deal with this situation, including smart sampling methods to improve the way CCEs are selected, as well as the use of technology to reduce the number of CCEs needed through accurate extrapolation methods.
  • Now a pilot project is to be carried out in the Kharif 2019, aims to directly estimate yields without using CCEs.
  • Technologies such as satellite and remote sensing data, unmanned aerial vehicles and artificial intelligence will be used to assess yield estimates without the need of time-consuming and laborious crop-cutting experiments, according to the parameters of the project issued.
  • The pilot project will focus on paddy, soybean, cotton, bajra, maize, sorghum and groundnut.
  • Final results are expected by February 2020.
Also read: Critical Analysis of Crop Insurance Mechanism in India SEBI, MCA Sign Pact For More Data Scrutiny Source: Project to use technology to study crop yield estimates