Context: With the Election Commission of India (ECI) announcing the General Elections for the Legislative Assemblies of West Bengal, Assam, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Puducherry, the process of registration of political parties has started.

More on the news: The Registration of political parties in India is governed by the provisions of section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951. 

Procedure of registration of political parties:

  • A party seeking registration: Has to submit an application to the ECI within a period of 30 days following the date of its formation as per guidelines prescribed. 
    • The ECI exercises these powers under Article 324 of the Constitution of India and Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.  
  • Publish proposed name of party: As per existing guidelines, the applicant association is asked to Publish proposed name of party in two national daily newspapers and two local daily newspapers.
    • This is for submitting objections (if any), with regard to the proposed registration of the party before the Commission within 30 days from such publication.  

The Representation of the People Act, 1951:

  • It is an act of Parliament of India to provide for 
    • The conduct of election of the Houses of Parliament and to the House or Houses of the Legislature of each State, 
    • The qualifications and disqualifications for membership of those Houses, 
    • The corrupt practices and other offences at or in connection with such elections and 
    • The decision of doubts and disputes arising out of or in connection with such elections. 
  • It was introduced in Parliament by law minister Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. 
  • The Act was enacted by the provisional parliament under Article 327 of Indian Constitution, before the first general election.

Articles related to Elections


Superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in an Election Commission.


No person to be ineligible for inclusion in, or to claim to be included in a special, electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste or sex.


Elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assemblies of States to be on the basis of adult suffrage.


Power of Parliament to make provision with respect to elections to Legislatures.


Power of Legislature of a State to make provision with respect to elections to such Legislature.


Bar to interference by courts in electoral matters.


Source: ET