As pressure groups are concerned with influencing the government, they use various tactics for the same. These are primarily constitutional and peaceful. In India, one of the commonly used pressure tactics is Satyagraha, a non-violent protest. As you know it is Gandhi Ji who introduced the idea of Satyagraha and is known all over the world for the same.
Although he used these methods in the context of foreign rule, the methods are still relevant. The methods have been successfully used. For instance, the Self-Employed Women’s Association (SEWA) has influenced the government to improve its policies on the rights of women workers.
Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan led the people’s movement which got the government to bring about the law on ‘Right to Information’. In the North-Eastern state of Manipur, many groups including ‘Just Peace’, Apunba Lup (students’ organization) and Meira Paibis (women’s groups) are trying to influence the government to listen to people’s genuine grievances.
Together, these groups are associated with Irom Sharmila, a civil rights activist known as ‘the Iron Lady of Manipur’ who has been on a hunger strike since November 2000. Irom Sharmila wants that the government should repeal the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) which is responsible for violence in her State and other parts of North-East India, and respect people’s democratic rights to life.
People from all over the country are responding to her sacrifice (she has not eaten food for 11 years, and is alive only because she is being force-fed through a tube attached to her nose).
Pressure groups also use tactics of holding demonstrations, sitting on dharnas, going on strikes, organizing public meetings, presenting memorandums to legislative committees, promoting their causes through the use of media and create public opinion.
Also read: Fundamental Rights As Human Rights