Researchers who estimated the data obtained under the Right to Information (RTI) Act found that the Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) scheme has been able to reach less than a third of the eligible beneficiaries.
About Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana
- PMKVY is a Conditional based direct benefit transfer (DBT) scheme under which cash benefits are provided to pregnant women in their bank account directly to meet enhanced nutritional needs and partially compensate for wage loss.
- Under PMMVY, a cash incentive of RS 6000/- would be provided directly in the account of Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers(PW&LM) for first living child of the family subject to their fulfilling specific conditions relating to Maternal and Child Health.
- All Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers, ‘excluding’ PW&LM who are in regular employment with the Central Government or the State Governments or PSUs or those who are in receipt of similar benefits under any law for the time being in force.
- All eligible Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers who have their pregnancy on or after 01.01.2017 for first child in the family.
- A cash amount of ₹6,000 is transferred to the bank account of the beneficiary in three instalments upon meeting certain conditions including
- Early registration of pregnancy,
- Having at least one ante-natal check-up and
- Registration of child birth.
No Universal coverage due to
- Inclusion Error: The study found that only 50% of pregnant women and 57% of nursing women surveyed were eligible for the scheme.
- Low Awareness: only 66% of pregnant women and 69% of nursing women knew about the scheme.
- Bureaucratic hurdles: Several factors impede proper implementation of the Programme such as an application form of about 23 pages, a slew of documents such as mother-child protection card, Aadhaar card, husband’s Aadhaar card and bank passbook aside from linking their bank accounts with Aadhaar.
- Less attention towards the special needs of pregnancy
-Need for Special Foods during pregnancy: Only 22% of nursing women surveyed reported that they had been eating more than usual during their pregnancy and the average weight gain was barely 7kg when it should be at least 13-18kg.
-Lack of rest: Almost all the respondents had done household work regularly during their last pregnancy — 21% of nursing women said that they had no one to help them with domestic chores and 63% said that they had been working right until the day of delivery.
- Delays in transferring the cash amount to the beneficiaries: only 35% of all women who were pregnant and 67% of all nursing women receiving some benefits