Context: The Prime Minister has paid tribute to Bharat Ratna Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar on his Jayanti.

  • Fondly called Babasaheb, BR Ambedkar stood firmly for the rights of Dalits and untouchables. 


  • Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as Babasaheb Ambedkar, was a social reformer, the principal author of the Indian Constitution, an economist and a jurist. 
  • Born into a Mahar family on April 14, 1891, in Mhow town of Madhya Pradesh, he later inspired the Dalit movement and campaigned against social discrimination. 
  • He also served as the first law minister of India (1947–51).
  • Dalit movement:
    • In 1923, he set up the 'Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabha (Outcastes Welfare Association)’, which was devoted to spreading education and culture amongst the downtrodden.
  • Freedom struggle:
    • Poona pact:  The Poona Pact was an agreement between Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. Ambedkar on behalf of depressed classes and upper caste Hindu leaders on the reservation of electoral seats.
      • It was made on 24 September 1932 at Yerwada Central Jail in Poona, India. 
      • It was signed by Ambedkar on behalf of the depressed classes.
    • Dr. Ambedkar attended all the three Round Table Conferences (1930-32) in London and each time, forcefully projected his views in the interest of the 'untouchable'.
    • In 1936, Babasaheb Ambedkar founded the Independent Labour Party.
    • Book: In 1936, Ambedkar wrote his magnum opus ‘Annihilation of Caste’, a fiery critique of the caste system.
      • His other works are Janta (weekly) 1930; Mook Nayak (weekly) 1920; The Untouchables 1948; Buddha Or Karl Marx 1956, etc.
  • Buddhism: Before his death in 1956, Ambedkar converted to Buddhism, together with about 200,000 fellow Dalits, at a ceremony in Nagpur.
    • He was the force behind the Dalit Buddhist Movement in India. Babasaheb Ambedkar worked tirelessly towards a society where everyone is treated as equals. 
  • In 1990, Dr.B.R.Ambedkar, was bestowed with Bharat Ratna.