Context: Recently PM gave a call for skilling the youth in order to achieve the vision of Atmanirbhar Bharat on the occasion for World Youth Skills day (15th July) and on completion of 5 years of Skill India program.
Need to Skill, Reskill and Upskill:
- As opposed to developed countries, where the percentage of skilled workforce is between 60% and 90% of the total workforce, India records a low 5% of workforce (20-24 years) with formal vocational skills.
- The coming century will be a skilled based and nor merely a knowledge based era where mere rote learning will not be enough to get individuals good jobs.
- There is a huge opportunity for India whose 65% population is under 35 years while 50% is under 25 years, thus need to harness the demographic dividend.
- As pandemic-induced lockdowns battered economies, disrupted global supply chains and affected livelihoods across different sectors; skilling the masses is essential for giving sufficient cushion for reviving the economy.
Benefits of Acquiring Skills:
- It is a tool to groom an individual’s personality.
- It helps an individual get better job opportunities as well as make him empower to generate employment for others.
- It makes an individual different and unique viz a viz others.
- It is a timeless gift which gets better with time and experience.
- It helps a country prosper as skilled people demand less support from the government in terms of social security net while contributing more towards the growth and development of the nation.
Achievements so far:
- The Skill India mission had led to the creation of vast infrastructure for skilling, reskilling and upskilling and enhancing opportunities for access to employment, both locally and globally.
- Under the mission more than 5 crore youth have been skilled with support of PM Kaushal Kendras and Industrial Training Centres.
- ASEEM portal was launched recently for mapping the skilled employees and employers.
- This would help the skilled workers, including the migrant workers who had returned to their homes, to access jobs easily and the employers to contact skilled employees at the click of a mouse.
- In the backdrop of Aatma Nirbhar abhiyan, the production of several lakh PPE kits, collaboration of automobile industries to produce ventilators, manufacture of more than 70 Made in India products by the DRDO are just a few examples of the capability of Indian scientists, IT professionals and technocrats.
- There is a need to inculcate an urge to acquire new skills in masses by educating them about the need and benefit of skills acquisition.
- Technical and vocational education and training institutes which have been closed amid the pandemic must be reopened in a phased manner so that the skilling work gets back on track.
- The inculcation of Digital Technology in skills training must be done in all domains so that people in remote locations can also learn new and industry relevant skills.
- While remaining vocal about local, there has to be a paradigm shift in all areas for Indian products to be globally competitive by focusing on an innovation-led knowledge economy.
- PSUs and the private sector must not only play a complementary role in building a self-reliant India but collaborate wherever feasible.
India has the potential to emerge as the global hub for providing skilled manpower to other nations. We can prove to the world that the 21st century belongs to India through self-belief, dedication and discipline.
National Skill Development Mission / Skill India Mission:
- It was launched by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship on July 15, 2015.
- It aims to create convergence across sectors and States in terms of skill training activities.
- Besides consolidating and coordinating skilling efforts, it also aims to expedite decision making across sectors to achieve skilling at scale with speed and standards.
- It seeks to create an end-to-end implementation framework for skill development, which provides opportunities for life-long learning. This includes:
- incorporation of skilling in the school curriculum,
- providing opportunities for quality long and short-term skill training
- providing gainful employment and ensuring career progression that meets the aspirations of trainees.
- It aims to align employer/industry demand and workforce productivity with trainees’ aspirations for sustainable livelihoods, by creating a framework for outcome focused training.
- It aspires to establish and enforce cross-sectoral, nationally and internationally acceptable standards for skill training in the country by creating a sound quality assurance framework for skilling.
India Skills Report 2020:
- It is a joint initiative by Wheebox - Global Talent Assessment Company, People Strong - a leading HR solutions company from India, in collaboration with Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) along with partners like UNDP, AICTE, and AIU.
- The report consists of an in-depth study of employability amongst the fresh candidates joining the workforce.
Image Source: The Hindu