The Vice President appeal to the peoples to study, analyze and also debate the Draft New Education Policy and not to draw hasty conclusions.Context:
- The Vice President of India has appealed to people to study, analyse and debate the Draft New Education Policy and not to come to hasty conclusions.
- Well, the Vice President said that reducing the load of school bags, promoting sports, inculcating morals, scientific and rational temperament, history and also the contribution of the freedom fighters should become part of the curriculum.
- In fact, the Vice President suggested to the corporate entities to identify the specific areas of the interest and fund doctoral and the post-doctoral research connected to them.
- In fact, he also urged them to set up a special corpus or fund for the financing research projects that will lead to innovations, benefit the society and also economy of the country.
Background Check:New Draft of National Education Policy:
- Committee led by Dr K. Kasturirangan presented New Draft of National Education Policy.
- Well, the Draft Policy is built on foundational pillars of Access, Equity, Quality, Affordability & Accountability.
- Sanskrit should be taught at all levels of school and higher education as one of the optional languages on par with all Schedule 8 languages.
- Sanskrit textbooks at the Foundational and Middle school level may be rewritten in Simple Standard Sanskrit (SSS) in order to teach Sanskrit through Sanskrit (STS).
- Right to Education (RTE) Act which currently applies to classes I to VIII, will now be applicable to the entire school system from pre-school to class XII.
- It will cover children of ages 3 to 18 (preschool to senior secondary level).
- Restructuring of school curriculum and 5+3+3+4 design: Under the proposed 5+3+3+4 design
- The first five years of schooling of children in the age group of 3 to 8 years would be marked as Foundational Stage (it includes three years of pre-primary plus grade 1 and grade 2).
- The next three years of schooling, to be marked as a Preparatory Stage for the children in the age group of 8 to 11 years (will include grades 3 to 5).
- In fact, the Middle Stage (grades 6 to 8) for the students in the age group between 11-14 years.
- Moreover, the secondary stage (Grades 9-12) for students in the age group between 14-18 years.
- Schools will be re-organized into school complexes.
- Well, introduction of a semester system in the school education for the students of classes 10 to 12, with provisions for holding the flexible and the modular board examinations.
- The students will be able to take a board examination in a given subject in whichever semester they take the corresponding class in the school, whenever they feel most ready.
- In fact, they should be able to take any such subject board examination again if they feel they can study and do better.
- Restructuring of the higher education institutions: by placing them under three categories:
- The first primarily being focussed on research.
- The second providing high-quality teaching across the disciplines with significant contribution to the research.
- Third providing quality teaching focussed on undergraduate education.
- Furthermore, it also suggests the introduction of four-year undergraduate programmes in the higher education institutions and also restructuring of the current 3-year BA, B.Sc., B Com and B Voc programmes with provisions to provide the students with multiple exit and the entry options.
- Moreover, the establishment of a Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog (National Education Commission): as a constitutional body through an Act of the Parliament, with the Prime Minister being its Chairperson.
- Rajya Shiksha Ayog/State Education Commissions may be constituted in each state.
- The establishment of one higher education regulator—National Higher Education Regulatory Authority (NHERA)— that will subsume all other bodies like UGC, AICTE and others into it.
- A national programme for the professional development of the faculty members of the higher education institutions.