Twin Success for Guided PINAKA
News: Defence Research and Defence Organisation (DRDO) successfully test fired the Guided PINAKA
from Pokhran ranges.
What is Pinaka?
The Pinaka rocket is used as an area destruction weapon that can virtually decimate 900 square
meters ofan area from a 20-80 kilometerrange by firing a salvo of 12 rockets in 44 seconds.
The guided rocket is powered by the solid-propellant motor and can be fitted with three warheads: a
pre-fragmented high-explosive (PFHE), an incendiary, or a reduced HE (RHE) practice warhead.
Pinaka is a complete Multi-Barrier Rocket Launcher (MBRL) system.
Each Pinaka battery consists
of:six launcher vehicles, each with 12 rockets; six loader-replenishment
vehicles; three replenishment vehicles; two Command Post vehicle (one stand by) with a Fire
Control computer, and the DIGICORA MET radar.
A battery of six launchers can neutralise an area of 1,000 m × 800 m.
The Army generally deploys a battery that has a total of 72 rockets. All the 72 rockets can be fired in
44 seconds, taking out an area of 1 km
Each launcher can fire in a different direction too.
The system has the flexibility to fire all the rockets in one go or only a few. This is made possible
with afire control computer.
There is a command post linking together all the six launchers in a battery.
Each launcher has an individual computer, which enables it to function autonomously in case it
gets separatedfrom the other five vehicles in a war.
What changes have been made?
The earlier Pinaka system, which was an unguided one, has now been upgraded into a guided
version, with a navigation, guidance and control kit developed by the Research Centre, Imarat (RCI),
The Pinaka rocket, capable of decimating 900 square meters of an area from
a 20-80 kilometers, was successfullytest fired with enhanced range and guidance system from Chandipur in Odisha last year.
The weapon system is equipped with state-of-the-art guidance kit comprising of an
advanced navigationand control system.
Where will it be incorporated?
The Pinaka rocket will gradually replace the Russian SMERCH, which can flatten an area of 1.1
The Indian Army intends to have 22 Pinaka regiments by 2026 including 12 regiments of guided
Each regiment would consist of three batteries of six Pinaka launchers mounted on Tatra trucks.
The indigenously developed Guided Pinaka by DRDO will significantly boost the capability of the artillery to
make precision hits.