Cabinet approves dissolution of the Sixteenth Lok SabhaContext:
- The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, today gave its approval to the Resolution advising the President to dissolve the Sixteenth Lok Sabha, which was constituted on 18.05.2014.
Background Check: Dissolution:
- Well, the Article 83(2) of constitutions stipulates that the House of the People, unless sooner dissolved, shall continue for five years from the date appointed for its first meeting and also no longer and the expiration of the said period of approx five years will operate as dissolution of the House.
- However, the first meeting of the Sixteenth Lok Sabha was held on June 4, in the year 2014, when the members were administered oath and the affirmation. In fact, the life of the present Lok Sabha is, therefore, to expire on June 3, in the year 2019, unless the President dissolves it earlier.
- Well, the dissolution ends the life of the existing House, and also a new House is constituted after the general elections are held.
- The Rajya Sabha, being a permanent House, is not subject to the dissolution.
- Only the Lok Sabha is subject to dissolution.
- In fact, the dissolution of the Lok Sabha may take place in either of the two ways:
- Automatic dissolution:
- On the expiry of its tenure – the five years or the terms as extended during the national emergency.
- Order of President:
- If the President is authorized by the CoM, then he can dissolve Lok Sabha, even before the end of the term.
- However, he may also dissolve the Lok Sabha if the CoM loses confidence and also no party is able to form the government.
- But, once the Lok Sabha is dissolved before the completion of its normal tenure,then the dissolution is irrevocable.
- In fact, when the Lok Sabha is dissolved, all the business which include the bills, motions, resolutions, notices, petitions and so on pending before it or its committees lapse.
IAF’s AN-32 Aircraft formally Certified to Operate on Indigenous Bio-Jet Fuel
- Well, the IAF’s formidable workhorse, the Russian made AN-32 aircraft was formally fleet certified to fly on the blended aviation fuel containing up to 10% of an indigenous bio-jet fuel.
- Well, the indigenous bio-jet fuel was the first which is produced by the CSIR-IIP lab at Dehradun in the year 2013, but it could not be tested or certified for the commercial use on the aircraft due to lack of the test facilities in the civil aviation sector.
- In fact, this is a huge step in
- promoting the Make in India mission as this bio-fuel would be produced from Tree Borne Oils (TBOs) sourced from tribal areas and farmers, augmenting their income substantially.
- Well, for the first time, an An-32 transport aircraft of the Indian Air Force (IAF) flew with the blended bio-jet fuel produced from the Jatropha oil.
- Blended bio-jet fuel produced from Jatropha has the dual benefit of reducing the carbon footprint as well as usage of fossil fuels.
- With this discovery, India had thus joined a league of select nations to have developed, tested and certified a single step Hydroprocessed Renewable Jet (HRJ) process to convert non-edible oil into biofuel for use on military aircraft.
Eastern Command Unit Test- Fired BrahMos Missile from Car Nicobar IslandsContext:
- A BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missile was successfully test-fired by a Unit of Eastern Command, Indian Army from Car Nicobar Islands on 22 May 2019 as part of joint training by Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force.
Background Check: Brahmos missile:
- The Combat missile was test fired on a specially designed target chosen at a range of 270 Kms, thus validating deep penetration capability by the supersonic cruise missile and accurate engagement of targets in depth.
- In fact, it was a cohesive efforts of all the three services demonstrating high standards of the Inter Service Synergy.
- BrahMos missile has by now established itself as a major Force Multiplier in modern day battlefield with impeccable multi role and multi-platform launch capabilities furthering the confidence amongst our troops
- It is a supersonic cruise missile.
- It is designed and developed by BrahMos Aerospace, a joint venture of India and Russia.
- However, it has derived its name from the names of the two rivers, India’s Brahmaputra River and the Russia’s Moskva River.
- It operates on fire and forget principal.
- It is capable of being launched from land, sea, sub-sea and air against sea and land targets.
- Carrying capacity: 300 Kg (both conventional and nuclear)
- Speed: Mach 3 (that is, three times the speed of sound)
- Max Range: 290 Km. Its range was extended to 450 km and plan is to increase it to 600km.
- In fact, it is two-stage missile, the first one is being solid and the second one is ramjet liquid propellant.
- The BrahMos missile already has been inducted into the Indian Army and also the Navy.
- Well, the India and the Russia have agreed to double the range from 290 to 600 kms.
- Earlier, the India was denied access to the missile technology with the range over the 300 km as it was not member state of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).
- But the India’s recent accession to MTCR, allowed Russia to provide the critical systems and also the technology to extend the range of the missile beyond 300km.
- It is successfully test fired from Sukhoi-30MKI fighter jets. In fact, it makes the IAF first air force in the world to have successfully fire air-launched 2.8 Mach surface attack missile of this category.
DRDO Successfully Flight-Tested Guided Bomb
- Well, the DRDO (Defence Research and Defence Organisation) successfully flight tested a 500 kg class Inertial Guided Bomb from the Su-30 MKI Aircraft from the Pokhran test range in the Rajasthan.
- However, the guided bomb achieved the desired range and then hit the target with a high precision.
- The weapon system is capable of carrying different warheads.
Central government bans Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh and its manifestationsContext:
Background Check: About the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA):
- The Central Government has banned the Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh or Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen India or Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Hindustan and all its manifestations under clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 35 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 with immediate effect.
Provisions of the act:
- Well, this law is aimed at the effective prevention of an unlawful activities associations in India.
- In fact, its main objective is to make the powers available for the dealing with activities directed against the integrity and also the sovereignty of India.
- And the Act makes it a crime to support any secessionist movement or to support the claims by a foreign power to what India claims as its territory.
- The UAPA, framed in the year 1967, has been amended twice since: first in the year 2008 and then in the year of 2012.
- Well, the Act introduces a vague definition of the terrorism to an encompass a wide range of the non-violent political activity, including the political protest.
- It empowers the government to declare an organisation as ‘terrorist’ and ban it. In fact, mere membership of such a proscribed organisation itself becomes a criminal offence.
- It allows detention without a chargesheet for up to 180 days and police custody can be up to 30 days.
- In fact, it creates a strong presumption against the bail and the anticipatory bail is out of the question. It creates a presumption of guilt for terrorism offences merely based on the evidence allegedly seized.
- It authorises the creation of special courts, with wide discretion to hold in-camera proceedings (closed-door hearings) and use secret witnesses but contains no sunset clause and provisions for mandatory periodic review.
Indian Delegation participates in Second SCO Mass Media Forum at BishkekContext:
- The Second Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Mass Media Forum is being held at Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan from 23-26 May, 2019.
- The Forum was inaugurated by the President of Kyrgyz Republic.
- The President in his inaugural address highlighted the importance of Mass Media organizations of SCO countries in accomplishing the SCO objectives of mutual trust, friendly relations with neighbors and regional security in line with the Shanghai Spirit.
- The Forum aims to strengthen the exchange and cooperation in the field of mass media amongst SCO countries.
- It offers a unique platform for active work through mass media to create an objective vision of the organization and strengthen its positive image in the global information space.
- The Indian Delegation highlighted the vital role of Ministry of Information and Broadcasting in the development of the mass media landscape within the country.
- The Indian Delegation emphasized the need for media collaborations and exchange of best practices amongst the various mass media agencies, organizations and associations across the SCO partner states.
- The idea of working together to counter the problem of fake news was also highlighted.
- The Delegation invited all the SCO member delegates to the Golden Jubilee edition of International Film Festival of India to be held in Goa in November 2019.
- The SCO Member States also adopted the Resolution of Media Forum which calls for establishing successful collaborations of Mass Media Organizations of the SCO member Countries.
Background Check: Shanghai Cooperation Organisation:
- The first SCO Media Summit was held in Beijing on 1 June 2018.
- In fact, this event was held under the motto Development of the Shanghai Spirit and the opening of a new era in the mass media cooperation, where over 110 media outlets from the 16 countries participated, including the SCO Member States, Observer States and Dialogue Partners.
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- Well, it is a Eurasian political, economic, and also the security organisation.
- Founded in 2001 in Shanghai
- 8 members: China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, India and Pakistan.
- SCO evolved from Shanghai Five (All above minus India, Pakistan and Uzbekistan)
- On July 10, 2015, the SCO decided to admit India and Pakistan as full members, and they joined as full members in 2017.
- Its main activities are: cooperation on security, military activities, and economic and cultural cooperation
- Moreover, the member countries are rich in the energy resources (both fossil fuels and uranium)
- Members represent over 40% of humanity and nearly 20% of the global GDP.
- HQ: Beijing, China