PIB SUMMARY 15th MAY

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By admin May 15, 2019 10:53

Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction 2019 at Geneva, Switzerland 

Context:

  • Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction 2019 is being held at Geneva, Switzerland from 13-17 May 2019.

Details:

  • Focussed attention and investments in cyclone risk mitigation has yielded dividends in saving precious  human lives. Deaths during cyclone Phailin in 2013 and Fani in 2019 have reduced considerably.
  • The Government has issued national guidelines for managing the risk of losses from Thunderstorm, Lightning, Squall, Dust Storm, Hailstorm and Strong winds.
  • Based on the National Disaster Management Plan of 2016, all the States and more than 95% of Districts in India have prepared their Disaster Management Plans. ​
  • India hosted the First BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise in the National Capital Region in October 2017.
  • In February 2019, India hosted a meeting on Disaster Risk Management of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), an intergovernmental organization of 22 members and nine dialogue partners.
  • These Exercises provided a platform for sharing Best Practices on all aspects of DRR, and for strengthening regional response and coordination among BIMSTEC and IORA member countries.​

Background Check:

What is GFDRR?

  • Well, it is a global partnership which helps in developing countries better understand and also reduce their vulnerability to natural hazards and the climate change.
  • However, it is a grant-funding mechanism, which is managed by the World Bank, that supports disaster risk management projects worldwide.
  • The GFDRR contributes to the implementation of the Sendai Framework for the Disaster Risk Reduction by helping the countries to integrate disaster risk management and also climate change adaptation into the development strategies and the investment programs and also recover from disasters quickly and effectively.
  • In fact, it provides the technical assistance, capacity building, and the analytical work to help vulnerable nations improve resilience and also reduce risk.
  • Our India became a member of CG of GFDRR in the year of 2015.

About Sendai Framework:

  • Well, it is an international Treaty that was approved by UN member states in March in the year 2015 at the Third World Conference on the Disaster Risk Reduction held in Sendai, Japan.
  • In fact, it is a voluntary and the non-binding treaty which recognizes that the UN member State has the primary role to reduce the disaster risk.
  • Also, it has framework for the 15-year i.e. 2015 to 2030.
  • It calls for sharing the responsibility with other stakeholders which include local government, the private sector and the other stakeholders.
  • Furthermore, it is the successor of the Hyogo Framework for Action (2005–2015), which had been the most encompassing international accord on the disaster risk reduction.
  • It sets common standards, a comprehensive framework with achievable targets, and a legally based instrument for disaster risk reduction.
  • Moreover, it calls for adopting the integrated and also the inclusive institutional measures for the preventing vulnerability to disaster, increase preparedness for the response and recovery and also the strengthen resilience.
  • India and UNISDR signed a Statement of Cooperation on Sendai Framework.

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admin
By admin May 15, 2019 10:53