Pest-struck Mizoram farmers hit by lack of crop insurance

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By Moderator May 16, 2019 10:16

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Fall Armyworm (FAW) in Lunglei district, Mizoram had damaged 3,082.5 MT maize across 2,055 hectares of land.

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  • From Lunglei, the FAW spread to all the eight districts of Assam and attacked crops in adjoining Manipur.
  • The loss has been estimated at ₹6.47 crore, calculated at ₹21 per kg, including transportation charge.
  • But there is no insurance scheme in place which could compensate for the loss.
  • The farmers and their crop are not insured because the PMFBY could not be introduced in Mizoram for want of a desirable company when the tender was floated for the purpose.
  • However, officials said that farmers could still be compensated under Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana
  • A fresh tender is floated and few companies has shown interest

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

  • The PMFBY aims at providing insurance coverage and financial support to farmers in the event of failure of any of the notified crops due to natural calamities, pests and diseases.
  • The prescribed premium is 2% to be paid by farmers for all kharif crops and 1.5% for all rabi crops. In the case of annual commercial and horticultural crops, the premium is 5%.
  • On paper, there is no upper limit on subsidy by the government, which bears the expense even if the balance premium is 90%.

Fall Armyworm

  • The Fall Armyworm (FAW) is an insect that is native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas.
  • In the absence of natural control or good management, it can cause significant damage to crops.
  • It prefers maize, but can feed on more than 80 additional species of crops, including rice, sorghum, millet, sugarcane, vegetable crops and cotton.
  • FAW was first detected in Central and Western Africa in early 2016 and has quickly spread across virtually all of Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • In July 2018 it was confirmed in India and Yemen.
  • Because of trade and the moth’s strong flying ability, it has the potential to spread further

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Moderator
By Moderator May 16, 2019 10:16