• The African Nuclear-Weapons-Free Zone Treaty, also known as the Treaty of Pelindaba, was signed by 47 of the continent’s 53 states, and prohibits states from conducting research on, developing, manufacturing, stockpiling, acquiring, possessing, or having control over any nuclear explosive device by any means anywhere. 


  • The treaty does not prohibit peaceful nuclear activities but states are obligated to undergo verification by the IAEA.
  • The Treaty requires all parties to apply full-scope IAEA safeguards to all their peaceful nuclear activities.  
  • A mechanism to verify compliance, including the establishment of the African Commission on Nuclear Energy, has been established by the Treaty. 
  • South Sudan is not a signatory to this treaty.