In News: Many pieces of Pattachitra art have been damaged due to cyclone Fani in the coastal villages of Odisha. 

About Pattachitra Art:

  • A traditional cloth-based scroll painting form Odisha, which derives its unique place because of its pictorial conception, technique of painting, line formation and colour scheme.
  • Traditionally drawn by Mahapatras, an artistic caste in odisha. 
  • When the painting is completed it is held over a charcoal fire and lacquer is applied to the surface. This makes the painting water resistant and durable, besides giving it a shining finish.
  • It is a disciplined art form where chitrakars maintain rigidity in their use of colours and patterns, restricting the colours to a single tone.
  • Pattachitra artform is known for its intricate details as well as mythological narratives and folktales inscribed in it.
  • In these paintings borders are created first and artists refrain from using pencil or charcoal for the preliminary drawings.
  • Other important Scroll Paintings:
    • Kalamkari: Andhra Pradesh
    • Kalighat Pats: Bengal
    • Phad Paintings: Rajasthan
    • Cheriyal Paintings: Telangana
    • Pichwai: Rajasthan