A parliamentary panel on Home Affairs has given some recommendations on the management of the Worsening Traffic Situation in Delhi.
Major Recommendations of the report-
- Registration of a new vehicle should be done only when the owner produces proof of disposal or scraping of the old vehicle and availability of parking space.
- Insurance premiums for the vehicles should be connected directly to traffic rule violations.
- Take Strict action to ensure compliance with the order of National Green Tribunal on phasing out diesel and petrol vehicles of 10 and 15 years vintage respectively.
- The Delhi government should ensure the addition of 6,000 more buses to make public transport more effective.
- Delhi police should focus on rule enforcement not only at traffic lights but also to ensure on-road discipline like lane driving.
- There is also a need for exploration of dedicated lanes for emergency vehicles like ambulances and fire engines to save precious lives and for two-wheelers as well in view of their substantial number using Delhi roads.
Pollution due to vehicles in Delhi-
- Delhi, the ninth-most populated metropolis in the world (second largest if the entire NCR is included), is one of the most heavily polluted cities in India.
- Delhi has come under the spotlight for high air pollution, which is severely impacted by vehicular pollution and high traffic congestion.
- Air pollution in Delhi is caused mainly by industry and vehicles
- It is one of the country's highest volumes of particulate matter pollution.
- A study by IIT Kanpur states that the two most consistent sources for PM10 and PM2.5 are secondary particles and vehicles.
- Secondary particles themselves are generated by industry and vehicles.
- Noise pollution also comes mainly from motorcycle and automobile traffic.
Traffic load in Delhi (Source: Economic Survey of Delhi ) -
- Recently, the Delhi government planned to buy more buses is a good start, but this will likely need to be expanded to make buses a viable option for many.
- Bike lanes can move three or four times more people in an hour compared to cars and will become even more efficient with the introduction of new e-bikes and electric scooters.
- Investing in bike and pedestrian infrastructure would allow many more Delhiites to move more freely while emitting less or no pollution, and paying less for their commutes.
- Delhi can lead by using pricing strategies on its roads that encourage people to take only the trips that they really need or carpool.