A parliamentary panel on Home Affairs has given some recommendations on the management of the Worsening Traffic Situation in Delhi.

Major Recommendations of the report-

  • Registration of a new vehicle should be done only when the owner produces proof of disposal or scraping of the old vehicle and availability of parking space.
  • Insurance premiums for the vehicles should be connected directly to traffic rule violations.
  • Take Strict action to ensure compliance with the order of National Green Tribunal on phasing out diesel and petrol vehicles of 10 and 15 years vintage respectively.
  • The Delhi government should ensure the addition of 6,000 more buses to make public transport more effective.
  • Delhi police should focus on rule enforcement not only at traffic lights but also to ensure on-road discipline like lane driving.
  • There is also a need for exploration of dedicated lanes for emergency vehicles like ambulances and fire engines to save precious lives and for two-wheelers as well in view of their substantial number using Delhi roads.

Pollution due to vehicles in Delhi-

  • Delhi, the ninth-most populated metropolis in the world (second largest if the entire NCR is included), is one of the most heavily polluted cities in India.
  • Delhi has come under the spotlight for high air pollution, which is severely impacted by vehicular pollution and high traffic congestion.
  • Air pollution in Delhi is caused mainly by industry and vehicles
  • It is one of the country's highest volumes of particulate matter pollution.
  • A study by IIT Kanpur states that the two most consistent sources for PM10 and PM2.5 are secondary particles and vehicles.
    • Secondary particles themselves are generated by industry and vehicles.
  • Noise pollution also comes mainly from motorcycle and automobile traffic.

Traffic load in Delhi (Source: Economic Survey of Delhi ) -

Way ahead-

  • Recently, the Delhi government planned to buy more buses is a good start, but this will likely need to be expanded to make buses a viable option for many.
  • Bike lanes can move three or four times more people in an hour compared to cars and will become even more efficient with the introduction of new e-bikes and electric scooters.
  • Investing in bike and pedestrian infrastructure would allow many more Delhiites to move more freely while emitting less or no pollution, and paying less for their commutes.
  • Delhi can lead by using pricing strategies on its roads that encourage people to take only the trips that they really need or carpool.

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