pakistan-minister-kasuri-recalled-the-plan-for-the-sir-creek-pact

At the third edition of WION’s global summit held in Dubai, former Pakistan Minister Kasuri recalled the plan for the Sir Creek Pact.

About the third edition of WION’s global summit, Dubai

  • The summit organized by WION, India's first International News Channel, had the theme “Navigating and negotiating global imperatives” 
  • It brought together policy-makers and global thought leaders for dialogues that offered insights on the way forward. 
  • The 2020 Global Summit served as a platform for global leaders to have a dialogue on a common global agenda.

The dispute over Sir Creek

  • The dispute lies in the interpretation of the maritime boundary line between Kutch and Sindh
  • Before India's independence, the provincial region was a part of the Bombay Presidency of British India. But after India's independence in 1947, Sindh became a part of Pakistan while Kutch remained a part of India.
  • The present dispute has long been a source of distress for the fisherfolk of both countries since the time of independence.
  • India says the border should run from the middle of the 100-kilometer creek, while Pakistan wants it to run from the eastern bank.
  • Each claim would give the country rights to massive gas and oil resources believed to lie under the sea bed.
  • UNCLOS supports India's stand: If the Thalweg principle is to be upheld, Pakistan would lose a considerable portion of the territory that was historically part of the province of Sindh.
    • The Thalweg Doctrine defines the border between two states separated by a watercourse or flowing body of water as lying along the thalweg, which is the line of the greatest depth of the channel or watercourse.                                                             

            

Conclusion:

  • This dispute has been going on for a long time, and even after several rounds of long drawn out dialogues between India and Pakistan since 1989, no concrete settlements have been made and a final resolution remains elusive. 
  • While this dispute is frequently referred to as a ‘doable low-hanging fruit’ by both nations, a modus vivendi is yet to be developed. 
  • The effects of this stalemate are seen in the repeated stand-offs between the maritime management agencies of the two countries and frequent arrests of fishermen for transgressing into other’s waters. 
  • In order to resolve this dispute, it is important that both parties adopt a quid pro quo approach where there needs to be a ‘readiness to bargain’ from both ends before it turns into another unwanted friction between the two countries. 

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