Occupational, Safety, Health And Working Conditions Code

By Moderator July 12, 2019 13:18

As part of its commitment to simplify and consolidate labour rules and laws under four codes, the Union Cabinet has cleared the Occupational, Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, a week after it approved the Code on Wages Bill. Read this article to know more about working conditions code.

More in News

  • Code on Wages Bill seeks to include more workers under the purview of minimum wages and proposes a statutory national minimum wage for different geographic regions, to ensure that States will not fix minimum wages below those set by the Centre.
  • The Code on labour safety and working conditions include
    • Regular and mandatory medical examinations for workers,
    • Issuing of appointment letters, and
    • Framing of rules on women working night shifts.
  • Other codes that await Cabinet approval include the Code on Industrial Relations and the Code on Social Security.
    • Organised unions have vociferously opposed changes proposed in the Industrial Relations code, especially the proviso to increase the limit for prior government permission for lay-off, retrenchment and closure from 100 workers as it is currently, to 300.
    • The Economic Survey highlighted the effect of labour reforms in Rajasthan, suggesting that the growth rates of firms employing more than 100 workers increased at a higher rate than the rest of the country after labour reforms.

Current Scenario

  • The Periodic Labour Force Survey that was finally made public in late May clearly pointed to the dire situation in job creation in recent years.
  • While the proportion of workers in regular employment has increased, unemployment has reached a 45-year high.
  • The worker participation rate has also declined between surveys held in 2011-12 and 2017-18.
  • Therefore, the government must focus on the key issue of job creation apart from Simplification and consolidation of labour laws
  • The consolidated code bills should be thoroughly discussed in Parliament and also with labour unions before being enacted.

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By Moderator July 12, 2019 13:18