Context: Assam government wants re-verification of the National Citizenship Register (NRC).

More in the news:

  • Want SC guidance in NRC discrepancies if any.
  • Reverification of up to 20% of entries in areas bordering Bangladesh and 10% in the interior areas of Assam.
  • The state government stated that CAA is not in the purview of any states government because Citizenship is the union subject under entry no. 17 (Citizenship, naturalization and aliens).

Related Fact:

National Register of Citizens (NRC)

  • NRC was first introduced after the 1951 Census of India.
  • It is a register prepared after the conduct of the Census of 1951 in respect of each village, showing the houses or holdings in serial order and indicating against each house or holding the number and names of persons staying therein.

NRC in Assam:

  • Assam was the first in updating this NRC for including the names of the persons along with their descendants whose name was successfully registered in the NRC of 1951 or was found in any of the electoral rolls till the midnight of 24th March 1971.
  • The NRC of 1951 and the Electoral Roll of 1971 (up to midnight of 24 March 1971) are together called Legacy Data. Persons and their descendants whose names appeared in these documents are certified as Indian citizens.

Assam Accord, 1985:

  • During the year 1985, the Assam Accord was signed between the All Assam Students Union (AASU), the All Assam Gana Sangram Parishad and the then Central Government led by Rajiv Gandhi to bring stability to the state.
  • As per the Accord:
    • Those who entered Assam between 1951 and 1961 were to be given full citizenship, including the right to vote.
    • Those Bangladeshis who came between 1966 and 1971 will be barred from voting for ten years. 
    • The international borders will be sealed and all persons who crossed over from Bangladesh after 1971 are to be deported.

Supreme Court Assam NRC Order of 2013 

  • The process of NRC update was taken up in Assam as per a Supreme Court order in 2013.
  • It was done in order to wean out cases of illegal migration from Bangladesh and other adjoining areas.
  • According to court order NRC updation carried out under The Citizenship Act, 1955, and The Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003.
  • The verification involved house-to-house field verification, determination of authenticity of documents, family tree investigations in order to rule out bogus claims of parenthood and separate hearings for married women.
  • The final NRC list was published and 19,06,657 people were left out of 3,30,27,661 applicants.

Source: The Hindu