The North Atlantic Treaty Organization also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 30 North American and European countries. 

More about NATO:

  • The organization implements the North Atlantic Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949.
  • NATO constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its independent member states agree to mutual defence in response to an attack by any external party. 
  • NATO's Headquarters are located in Evere, Brussels, Belgium, while the headquarters of Allied Command Operations is near Mons, Belgium.
  • The key member States included the United States, Canada, and American allies in Europe.
  • Montenegro joined the alliance in 2017 and the  most recent member state to be added to NATO was North Macedonia on 27 March 2020.

Warsaw Pact

  • The Warsaw Treaty Organization(WTO), officially the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, commonly known as the Warsaw Pact, was a collective defense treaty signed in Warsaw, Poland between the Soviet Union and seven other Eastern Bloc socialist republics of Central and Eastern Europe in May 1955, during the Cold War. 
  • The Warsaw Pact was the military complement to the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CoMEcon), the regional economic organization for the socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe. 
  • The Warsaw Pact was created in reaction to the integration of West Germany into NATO

More related to it:

  • Two top American lawmakers have moved a key legislation in the Senate which seeks to advance the US-India strategic relationship.
  • The legislation will amend the Arms Control Export Act to bring India at par with the US’ NATO allies– Israel, Australia, New Zealand and South Korea for purposes of selling military items under the ITAR (International Traffic in Arms Regulations) list