William G. Kaelin, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe, and Gregg L. Semenza
Discovery of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.
1.Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz
Discovering for the first time a planet outside our solar system orbiting a Sun-like star.
Contribution to physical cosmology
John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino
Working towards the development of practical lithium-ion batteries.