Context: The first on-line NISHTHA programme for 1200 Key Resources Persons of Andhra Pradesh has been launched by the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD).


  • It is a National Initiative for School Heads’ and Teachers’ Holistic Advancement at the elementary stage under Samagra Shiksha - a flagship programme of MHRD to improve learning outcomes.
  • Background: 
    • In 2019, NISHTHA was launched in face-to-face mode. Thereafter, 33 states/UTs have launched this programme in their states/UTs in collaboration under Samagra Shiksha, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme. 
    • Around 23,000 Key Resource Persons and 17.5 lakh teachers and school heads have been covered under this NISHTHA face to face mode till date.
  • Covid-19 and aftermath:
    • It has been customized for online mode to be conducted through DIKSHA and NISHTHA portals by the NCERT. 
    • Andhra Pradesh is the first state for which an on-line NISHTHA programme for 1200 Key Resources Persons through NISHTHA portal has been launched.
    • These resource persons will help in the mentoring of teachers of Andhra Pradesh, who will take on-line NISHTHA training on DIKSHA later on.
  • Objective:
    • The modules developed under NISHTHA focus on holistic development of children and hence include curriculum and inclusive education, health and well-being, personal social qualities, art integrated learning etc.
    • All the modules are centred around learning outcomes and learner-centred pedagogy


  • All-round development of students: This will not only help in enhancing learning outcomes of students but also in their all-round development.
  • Will bring Indian education in sync with this fast-evolving world: As it will help Indian teachers in constantly upgrading their world view, understanding, and methods of teaching.
  • Help in recognizing teachers' individual innovations: Promoting pedagogic values and help in becoming part of standard teaching methods.

NISHTHA is committed to ensure value-based quality education assisted by technology that will help realise the clarion call of Atma Nirbhar and EK Bharat Shresta Bharat.


Samagra Shiksha

  • It is an integrated scheme to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education at all levels of school education (pre-school to class XII) with focus on  two Ts - Teacher and Technology.
    • The scheme mainly aims to support States in the implementation of the Right to Education (RTE) Act, 2009.
    • The scheme gives flexibility to the States and UTs to plan and prioritize their interventions within the scheme norms and the overall resource envelope available to them.
  • It subsumes the three Schemes - Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE).
  • Vision: To ensure inclusive and equitable quality education in accordance with the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) for Education.
  • Funding Pattern: Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
    • Centre and States share: 90:10 for the North-Eastern States and the Himalayan States and 60:40 for all other States and Union Territories with Legislature.
    • 100% for Union Territories without Legislature.


  • National Teacher Platform (NTP) branded as "Diksha" is an initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. 
  • It is a state-of-the-art platform built to host Open Educational Resources (OER) and tools for Teachers in Schools, Teacher Educators in Teacher Education Institutes (TEIs) and Student Teachers in TEIs. 
  • It is built considering the whole teacher’s life cycle - from the time student teachers enroll in TEIs to after they retire as teachers.
  • NTP envisages to provide:
    • Teacher training courses (example - training on learning outcomes, Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation, etc.).
    • Teaching resources such as lesson plans, concept videos, worksheets, mapped to curriculum.
    • Assessments for teachers, to find out their strengths and areas of improvement.
  • Teachers will be able to access this material offline on their smartphones, tablets and other devices anytime and anywhere. 


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