nipah-virus

Context:

This year’s fight against Nipah virus presented the state of Kerala an opportunity to lead the world in fighting the outbreak.

About Nipah Virus

  • Nipah virus is a zoonotic virus (it is transmitted from animals to humans) and can also be transmitted through contaminated food or directly between people. 
  • In infected people, it causes a range of illnesses from asymptomatic (subclinical) infection to acute respiratory illness and fatal encephalitis
  • The virus can also cause severe disease in animals such as pigs, resulting in significant economic losses for farmers.
  • Although Nipah virus has caused only a few known outbreaks in Asia, it infects a wide range of animals and causes severe disease and death in people, making it a public health concern.

Source:TH

Treatment:

  • There are currently no drugs or vaccines specific for Nipah virus infection although WHO has identified Nipah as a priority disease for the WHO Research and Development Blueprint. 
  • Intensive supportive care is recommended to treat severe respiratory and neurologic complications.