new-technological-interventions-to-deal-with-covid-19

Context

Series of technology initiatives have been launched to bring the people together in a resolve to fight against the coronavirus pandemic.

AarogyaSetu

  • About
    • It is an official coronavirus tracking app developed by the Ministry of Electronics and I.T.
    • It will enable people to assess themselves the risk of catching the Corona Virus infection. 
  • Working mechanism:
    • Once installed in a smart phone through an easy and user-friendly process, the app detects other devices with the same app installed that come in the proximity of that phone. 
    • The app can then calculate the risk of infection based on sophisticated parameters if any of these contacts is tested positive.
    • It will calculate this risk based on their interaction with others, using cutting edge Bluetooth technology algorithms and artificial intelligence.
  • Other details
    • The app is available in 11 languages.
    • The app acts as a  bridge between public and private sectors, digital technology and health services delivery and the potential of young India with a disease-free and healthy future of the nation.
    • It is ready for pan-India use from day-1 and has highly scalable architecture.
  • Significance of the app
    • The App will help India to take necessary timely steps for assessing risk of spread of COVID-19 infection, and ensuring social distancing where required.
    • Ensuring privacy-first: The personal data collected by the App is encrypted using state-of-the-art technology and stays secure on the phone till it is needed for facilitating medical intervention.


 

Prana Vayu

  • About
    • It is a low cost portable ventilator developed by IIT-Roorkee, AIIMS-Rishikesh.
    • It was recently presented to more than 450 industry representatives in a webinar organized by Confederation of Indian Industries (CII),for early mass production.
 
  • Features 
    • This ventilator does not require compressed air for functioning and can be especially useful in cases when hospital wards or open areas are converted into ICUs.
    • Pran Vayu is equipped with real-time spirometry and alarms. It can automatically limit high pressure with an alarm system. In case of a failure, the circuit opens to the atmosphere which prevents choking. 
    • Other additional features are remote monitoring by health professionals, touch screen control of all operating parameters, moister, and temperature control for inhaled air.

  

  • Significance
    • It is low-cost( ₹25,000 per unit), safe, reliable, and can be quickly manufactured.
    • If the number associated with COVID-19 spikes or there is a community spread of the novel coronavirus then India’s medical system will struggle to cope with the demand.
    • In such scenarios, the contribution of research institutions to make quick prototypes and sharing their know-how with industry for possible mass production will be crucial.

About Ventilators:

  • Ventilators (or respirators) are mechanical devices that help a patient breathe when they are unable to do so on their own. 
  • Hospitals have a supply system for gases like oxygen, which are used in ventilators.
  • The ventilator takes the compressed gas (oxygen) and mixes it with other gases (because typically what we breathe is 21% oxygen from the atmosphere). 
  • It allows you to artificially push in a certain required amount of oxygen into the patient’s lungs and allows them to deflate. 

 

New bio suit 

  • About
    • The suit has been developed by DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation) with the help of the industry and subjected to rigorous testing for textile parameters as well as protection against synthetic blood.
    • These bio suits are supposed to serve as a robust line of defence for the medics, paramedics and other personnel in the front line combating COVID-19.
  • Details 
    • This Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) has a specific type of fabric with coating.
    • The protection against synthetic blood exceeds the criteria defined for body suits by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 

 

Alternative sealant for Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

  • About
    • The DRDO has prepared a special sealant as an alternative to seam sealing tape based on the sealant used in submarine applications.
  • Details
    • Bio suit production in the country by DRDO industry partners and other industries were being hampered due to non-availability of seam sealing tapes. 
    • DRDO can mass produce this glue through the industry to support the seam sealing activity by suit manufacturers.

 

Low cost Temperature Gun

  • About
    • It is designed and developed by Naval Dockyard Mumbai.
    • It is a handheld IR based temperature sensor for undertaking screening of a large number of personnel.
    • The instrument has been manufactured under Rs. 1000/ - through in-house resources (which is a fraction of the cost of the Temperature Guns in the market).
  • Working
    • The non-contact thermometer has a Infrared sensor and an LED display integrated with a microcontroller which runs on a 9V battery.
  • Significance
    • Since the outbreak of COVID-19, the non-contact thermometers or temperature guns have become scarce in the market and are being sold at a very high cost
    • To overcome the scarcity and requirement of such instruments in large numbers, ND (Mumbai) has designed and developed its own handheld IR based temperature sensor with accuracy of 0.02 deg Celsius.
    • This Low cost Temperature Gun has provided a tool for undertaking screening of large numbers of personnel at the entry gates of the yard thereby reducing the load on the security sentries at the gate.