In News:  The debate on The Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB) in Parliament included multiple references to the Nehru-Liaquat Pact.

About Nehru Liaquat agreement:

  • It was signed between Jawaharlal Nehru and Pakistan’s PM Liaquat Ali Khan in 1950.
  • It is also called as Delhi Pact.  
  • The agreement was signed in the backdrop of large-scale migration of people in both the countries and primarily aimed at protection of minorities.

Key provisions of the Agreement:

  • The Governments of India and Pakistan agreed that each shall ensure, to the minorities throughout its territory - 
    • complete equality of citizenship irrespective of religion, 
    • a full sense of security in respect of life, culture, property and personal honour, 
    • freedom of movement within each country and 
    • freedom of occupation, speech and worship, subject to law and morality. 
  • Members of the minorities shall have equal opportunity with members of the majority community to participate in the public life of their country, to hold political or other office, and to serve in their country’s civil and armed forces. 
  • A Commission of Enquiry to be set up to look into the causes of disturbances and to suggest measures to prevent them in future.
  • Refugees were allowed to return unharmed to dispose of their property.
  • Measures to be taken for safe return of abducted women and recovery of looted property.
  • Non recognition of forced conversions in respective countries.