Recently,  the Cabinet approved the National Technical Textiles Mission with an outlay of Rs 1,480 crore. This mission was announced in the 2020 Budget with a four-year implementation period from 2020-21 to 2023-24.

Need for the mission:

  • Import-dependent: India imports a significant quantity of technical textiles worth USD 16 billion every year.
  • To increase productivity across various sectors like agriculture, horticulture and aquaculture fields, better protection of the military, para-military, police and security forces, stronger and sturdier transportation infrastructure for highways, railways, ports and airports and in improving hygiene and healthcare of the general public. 
  • Growing market size: the current trend of growth and various initiatives of the Government, the domestic market size of technical textiles is expected to cross Rs 2 lakh crores by the year 2020-21.
  • Rising sector: Technical textiles hold immense growth opportunities both for the industries.
  • Strengthen supply chain: there is a need to create a domestic base for raw material production and to push for the manufacture of high-end technical textile products.
  • To boost investments, and increase per capita consumption of technical textiles. The per capita consumption of technical textiles in India is a meagre 7 per kg compared to 10-12 kg in developed countries.

Technical textiles: Technical textiles are material and products made primarily for their technical properties and functional requirements. conventional textile is manufactured mainly for aesthetic purpose.

Aim of the National Technical Textile Mission: To give thrust to the production of a wide variety of textiles used in a variety of sectors and to position India as a global leader.

Components of the Mission:  It will have four components.

  1. Focus on R & D:  focus will be on research and development and innovation and will have an outlay of ₹1,000 crores.the research will include both fibre level and application-based in geo, agro, medical, sports and mobile textiles and development of biodegradable technical textiles.
    1. More emphasis would be given to indigenous machinery and process equipment. 
  2. Promotion and development of the market for technical textiles: Technical textiles penetration in India varies between 5% and 10% against the level of 30% to 70% in developed countries
    1. Expanding domestic market size: The Mission will aim at taking domestic market size to $40 billion to $50 billion by 2024.
  3. Export promotion: the mission aims to increase technical textile exports to increase from the ₹14,000 crores now to ₹20,000 crores by 2021-2022 and ensure 10% average growth every year by 2024.
    1. Setting up the Export Promotion council.
  4. Education, training and skill development: promote technical education at higher engineering and technology levels related to technical textiles and its application areas.

Significance of Technical Textiles: 

  • Increased productivity in agriculture, horticulture and aquaculture fields,
  • Better protection of military, para-military, police and security forces,
  • Stronger and sturdier transportation infrastructure for highways, railways, ports and airports.
  • Improving hygiene and health-care of the general public.

Other Initiatives of  Government

  • Schemes for Growth and Development of Technical Textiles (SGDTT) - It was aimed to develop Centres of Excellence (COE) to develop awareness about technical textiles. Services offered at COE are — Training, Technical Consultancy, R&D, DPR (Detailed Project Report), Pilot Scale Production, Standard Formulation, Incubation, and Prototype Development.
  • Technology Mission on Technical Textile (TMTT): It is aimed at improving basic infrastructure (like testing facility, R&D, skilled manpower, promotion of entrepreneurs, etc.).
  • Focus Incubation Centres – It would be provided to new entrepreneurs until they establish themselves in business, and then they could shift to their own facilities.
  • STZP (Scheme of Integrated Textile Parks )- Setting up of greenfield industrial park specific to the textile sector and designing infrastructure specific to the industrial requirement.

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National Technical Textiles Mission