Recently, the Cabinet approved the National Technical Textiles Mission with an outlay of Rs 1,480 crore. This mission was announced in the 2020 Budget with a four-year implementation period from 2020-21 to 2023-24.
Need for the mission:
- Import-dependent: India imports a significant quantity of technical textiles worth USD 16 billion every year.
- To increase productivity across various sectors like agriculture, horticulture and aquaculture fields, better protection of the military, para-military, police and security forces, stronger and sturdier transportation infrastructure for highways, railways, ports and airports and in improving hygiene and healthcare of the general public.
- Growing market size: the current trend of growth and various initiatives of the Government, the domestic market size of technical textiles is expected to cross Rs 2 lakh crores by the year 2020-21.
- Rising sector: Technical textiles hold immense growth opportunities both for the industries.
- Strengthen supply chain: there is a need to create a domestic base for raw material production and to push for the manufacture of high-end technical textile products.
- To boost investments, and increase per capita consumption of technical textiles. The per capita consumption of technical textiles in India is a meagre 7 per kg compared to 10-12 kg in developed countries.
Technical textiles: Technical textiles are material and products made primarily for their technical properties and functional requirements. conventional textile is manufactured mainly for aesthetic purpose.
Aim of the National Technical Textile Mission: To give thrust to the production of a wide variety of textiles used in a variety of sectors and to position India as a global leader.
Components of the Mission: It will have four components.
- Focus on R & D: focus will be on research and development and innovation and will have an outlay of ₹1,000 crores.the research will include both fibre level and application-based in geo, agro, medical, sports and mobile textiles and development of biodegradable technical textiles.
- More emphasis would be given to indigenous machinery and process equipment.
- Promotion and development of the market for technical textiles: Technical textiles penetration in India varies between 5% and 10% against the level of 30% to 70% in developed countries
- Expanding domestic market size: The Mission will aim at taking domestic market size to $40 billion to $50 billion by 2024.
- Export promotion: the mission aims to increase technical textile exports to increase from the ₹14,000 crores now to ₹20,000 crores by 2021-2022 and ensure 10% average growth every year by 2024.
- Setting up the Export Promotion council.
- Education, training and skill development: promote technical education at higher engineering and technology levels related to technical textiles and its application areas.
Significance of Technical Textiles:
- Increased productivity in agriculture, horticulture and aquaculture fields,
- Better protection of military, para-military, police and security forces,
- Stronger and sturdier transportation infrastructure for highways, railways, ports and airports.
- Improving hygiene and health-care of the general public.
Other Initiatives of Government
- Schemes for Growth and Development of Technical Textiles (SGDTT) - It was aimed to develop Centres of Excellence (COE) to develop awareness about technical textiles. Services offered at COE are — Training, Technical Consultancy, R&D, DPR (Detailed Project Report), Pilot Scale Production, Standard Formulation, Incubation, and Prototype Development.
- Technology Mission on Technical Textile (TMTT): It is aimed at improving basic infrastructure (like testing facility, R&D, skilled manpower, promotion of entrepreneurs, etc.).
- Focus Incubation Centres – It would be provided to new entrepreneurs until they establish themselves in business, and then they could shift to their own facilities.
- STZP (Scheme of Integrated Textile Parks )- Setting up of greenfield industrial park specific to the textile sector and designing infrastructure specific to the industrial requirement.
Also read: Technical textiles