Context: The Government has been celebrating Statistics Day every year on 29th june, to popularise the use of Statistics in everyday life and sensitise the public as to how Statistics helps in shaping and framing policies. 

More on the news:

  • This year it has been decided to celebrate Statistics Day, 2020 virtually, in view of the travel and safety advisories on account of the global COVID-19 pandemic. 
  • The event will be chaired by the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation(MoSPI).
  • International Participants from UN Women, UN ESCAP and other stakeholders will also participate in the event through video conferencing.

About the National Statistics Day: 

  • It is celebrated on the birth anniversary of Prof. P C Mahalanobis, in recognition of his invaluable contribution 
  • This year’s theme: SDG- 3 (Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages) & SDG- 5 (Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls).
  • In 2019, the Ministry instituted a new award, namely, the Prof. P.C. Mahalanobis National Award in Official Statistics for recognizing outstanding achievement of official statisticians in Central Government, State Governments and Institutions. 
  • The updated version of the Report on Sustainable Development Goals-National Indicator Framework (NIF) Progress Report 2020 (version 2.1)will be released during the event. 
    • Along with the report, the Indian Statistical Services Cadre Management Portal will also be launched.
  • Significance: It is expected that these events will raise public awareness, especially among the younger generation, about the role of Statistics in socio-economic planning and policy formulation.

Contributions of Prof. PC Mahalanobis

  • Prof. PC Mahalanobi is kown for his invaluable contribution 
    • In the fields of economic planning and statistical development in the post independent era 
    • And in establishing the National Statistical System.
  • Father of Indian Statistics: He became the 1st Indian statistician to receive world recognition and is called as Father of Indian Statistics.
  • Laid the foundation of Indian Statistical Institute (ISI): At Kolkata in 1931, which was declared an autonomous “Institute of National Importance” through an act of Parliament in 1959. ISI celebrates 29th June as the Worker Day.
  • Mahalanobis distance: In 1936, Mahanalobis introduced a statistical measure called Mahalanobis distance, widely used in cluster analysis and classification techniques for which he is widely known.


National Indicator Framework

  1. In 2016, MoSPI developed a consolidated list of possible national indicators based on the available information. 
  2. NIF will be the backbone of monitoring of SDGs at the national level and will give appropriate direction to the policy makers and the implementers of various schemes and programmes.

Key Features / Characteristics of National Indicator Framework:

  • Largest ever Monitoring Framework in the country: National Indicator Framework consists of 306 statistical indicators. 
  • It has been developed after extensive consultations with NITI Aayog, Central Ministries, State Governments and other stakeholders.
  • The framework consists of nationally defined indicators responding to national priorities and needs.
  • National acceptability was an important criteria used in deciding the indicators.
  • High Level Steering Committee (HLSC) to periodically review and refine the National Indicator Framework for monitoring SDGs.
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