- The National Skill Development Mission (NSDM) was launched in 2015, to provide a strong institutional framework to implement and scale up skill development efforts across the country and to impart training to one crore youth every year.
- Under Skill India Mission, Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship imparts employable skills to the youth through long term and short term training.
- The Ministry is implementing Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY 2.0) and Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) for short term training.
- The Long Term Training is imparted through Industrial Training Institutes under Craftsmen Training Scheme.
Jan Shikshan Sansthan
- Jan Shikshan Sansthan (formerly known as Shramik Vidyapeeth) provide vocational skills to non-literate, neo-literates as well as school drop-outs by identifying skills that have a market in the region of their establishment.
- Neo-literate is an adult or an. adolescent who did not or could not make use of the available educational opportunities on time, and who at a later stage acquired the skills of literacy through formal or non-formal approaches.
- The Scheme is being implementing with public and private partnership since last five decades for the upliftment of women, SC, ST, OBC and Minority in rural and urban slums.
- JSSs are providing vocational training at doorstep of the beneficiary in the unreached areas.
- The Scheme of Jan Shikshan Sansthan has been transferred from Ministry of Human Resource Development to Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship in 2018.
- Socio-economically backward and educationally disadvantaged groups of rural/urban population.
- Main target includes non-literate, neo-literates, person education upto 8th standard, school drop-outs, in the age group of 15-35 years.
- Priority given to women, SC, ST, OBC and Minorities in rural areas and urban slums.
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY 2.0)
- This is the flagship scheme for skill training of youth to be implemented by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
- Flagship schemes of a government are those schemes which are the main or most important and address major national concerns.
- As the schemes are of utmost importance, the funding of these schemes is slightly higher than other schemes.
- The Flagship schemes of the Indian Government are declared by the Union Cabinet or the Development Evaluation Advisory Committee (DEAC) of NITI Aayog.
- The scheme will cover 10 million youth during the period 2016-2020.
- Under this Scheme, Training and Assessment fees are completely paid by the Government.
- Skill training would be done based on the National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) and industry led standards.
- In line with the scheme objectives, the scheme is applicable to any candidate of Indian nationality who:
- an unemployed youth, college/school dropout
- has a verifiable identity proof - Aadhaar / Voter id and a bank account.
Short Term Training
- Apart from providing training according to the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF), Training Centres (TCs) shall also impart training in Soft Skills, Entrepreneurship, Financial and Digital Literacy.
- Duration of the training varies per job role, ranging between 150 and 300 hours.
- Upon successful completion of their assessment, candidates shall be provided placement assistance by Training Partners (TPs).
- Under PMKVY, the entire training and assessment fees are paid by the Government.
- Trainings imparted under the Short Term Training component of the Scheme shall be NSQF Level 5 and below.
Recognition of Prior Learning
- Individuals with prior learning experience or skills shall be assessed and certified under the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) component of the Scheme.
- TPs shall conduct Kaushal and Rozgar Melas every six months with press/media coverage.
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra
- These are Model Training Centres (MTCs) being established in every district of the country.
- NSDC is the implementation agency for the project.
- Loan assistance under the PMKK project shall only be sanctioned to any form of separate legal entity including but not limited to Company/Society/Trust, as per the process and applicable laws and guidelines.
- NSDC will provide a concessional secured loan funding per centre, up to 75% of the project investment.
- Each PMKK will be assured a training mandate for three years under the PMKVY scheme.
National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)
- It is a not-for-profit public limited company incorporated under Companies Act, 2013.
- NSDC was set up by Ministry of Finance as Public Private Partnership (PPP) model.
- The Government of India through Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) holds 49% of the share capital of NSDC, while the private sector has the balance 51% of the share capital.
- NSDC aims to promote skill development by catalyzing creation of large, quality and for-profit vocational institutions.
World Youth Skills Day
- In December 2014, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution declaring 15th July as World Youth Skills Day.
- The theme for 2020 World Youth Skills Day is "Skills for a Resilient Youth".
- The vision of the Incheon Declaration: Education 2030 is fully captured by Sustainable Development Goal 4 “Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all”.