national-nutrition-mission-poshan-abhiyaan-pib

Context: A Memorandum of Understanding has been signed between the Ministry of AYUSH and Ministry of Women and Child Development for controlling Malnutrition as a part of POSHAN Abhiyaan. 

  • The Anganwadi worker who is providing the Ayurveda nutrition message to the community at ground level may be designated as ‘DHATRI’ - Dedicated Health Activist to Replenish the Innutrition.

Analysis

  • Poshan Abhiyaan, the world’s largest nutrition programme, expected to benefit 10 crore people, was launched in 2018 and aims at improving the nutritional status of Children from 0-6 years, Adolescent Girls, Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers.
  • There are a number of schemes directly/indirectly affecting the nutritional status of children (0-6 years age) and pregnant women and lactating mothers. 
  • Inspite of these, level of malnutrition and related problems in the country is high. 
  • There is no dearth of schemes but lack of creating synergy and linking the schemes with each other to achieve common goal. 
  • NNM through robust convergence mechanism and other components would strive to create the synergy.  
  • NNM targets to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anaemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively. 
  • Although the target to reduce Stunting is atleast 2% p.a., the Mission would strive to achieve reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022 (Mission 25 by 2022).
  • A low weight-for-height is called wasting and a low height-for-age is called stunting. 
  • The Mission is being implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • UNICEF provides technical support to MWCD for POSHAN Abhiyaan under Country Programme 2018-2022.

Malnutrition (as per WHO)

  • Malnutrition refers to deficiencies, excesses, or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. 
  • The term malnutrition addresses 3 broad groups of conditions: 
  • undernutrition, which includes wasting (low weight-for-height), stunting (low height-for-age) and underweight (low weight-for-age); 
  • micronutrient-related malnutrition, which includes micronutrient deficiencies (a lack of important vitamins and minerals) or micronutrient excess; and 
  • overweight, obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases (such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and some cancers). 

Rashtriya Poshan Maah

  • To give momentum to POSHAN Abhiyan (organised by Ministry of Women and Child Development), ‘National Council on India’s Nutrition Challenges’ decided to celebrate the month of September as Rashtriya Poshan Maah
  • During this month activities related to nutrition awareness will be carried out by all the states/UTs up to the grass root level.

National Nutrition Council on India’s Nutrition Challenges

  • As per the mandate of Government of India, Ministry of Women and Child Development (MoWCD) has constituted the National Council on India’s Nutritional Challenges (established under POSHAN Abhiyaan) under the Chairmanship of Vice-Chairman of NITI Aayog with the following objectives:
  • To provide policy directions to address India’s Nutrition Challenges through coordinated inter-sectoral action
  • To coordinate and review convergence among Ministries
  • To review programmes for nutrition on a quarterly basis
  • Food Fortification of staple food