national-animal-disease-control-programme

Why is it in the news ?

The National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP) was launched  in Mathura (UP). 

About National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP) 

  1. The project is being implemented by the Department of Animal Husbandry &Dairying under the Ministry Of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying.
  2. The programme aims to control livestock diseases, foot and mouth disease and brucellosis in livestock by 2025 and eradicate these by 2030.
    1. The programme also aims at vaccinating 36 million female bovine calves annually in its fight against the brucellosis disease.
    2. To control the livestock diseases by 2025, and eradicate them by 2030.
  3. The livestock that will be covered under the programme includes cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, and pigs against the FMD.
  4. The project will be fully funded by the Central Government.

 

Major Animal Diseases

FMD- Foot and mouth Disease 

  1. It is a highly infectious viral disease of cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and other cloven-hoofed ruminants.
  2.  FMD is generally not fatal in adult animals but leaves them severely weakened, and results in a drastically reduced production of milk (milk loss is up to 100% for 4-6 months). 

Brucellosis:

  1. This is a zoonotic disease caused due to bacteria Brucella that causes early abortions in animals, and prevents the addition of new calves to the animal population. 
  2. It also spreads from animals to people due to eating raw or unpasteurized dairy products or either through the air or direct contact with infected animals.
  3. In case of Brucellosis, the milk output reduces by 30% during the entire life cycle of an animal and also causes infertility among animals.