Why is it in the news ?
The National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP) was launched in Mathura (UP).
About National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP)
- The project is being implemented by the Department of Animal Husbandry &Dairying under the Ministry Of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying.
- The programme aims to control livestock diseases, foot and mouth disease and brucellosis in livestock by 2025 and eradicate these by 2030.
- The programme also aims at vaccinating 36 million female bovine calves annually in its fight against the brucellosis disease.
- To control the livestock diseases by 2025, and eradicate them by 2030.
- The livestock that will be covered under the programme includes cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, and pigs against the FMD.
- The project will be fully funded by the Central Government.
Major Animal Diseases
FMD- Foot and mouth Disease
- It is a highly infectious viral disease of cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and other cloven-hoofed ruminants.
- FMD is generally not fatal in adult animals but leaves them severely weakened, and results in a drastically reduced production of milk (milk loss is up to 100% for 4-6 months).
- This is a zoonotic disease caused due to bacteria Brucella that causes early abortions in animals, and prevents the addition of new calves to the animal population.
- It also spreads from animals to people due to eating raw or unpasteurized dairy products or either through the air or direct contact with infected animals.
- In case of Brucellosis, the milk output reduces by 30% during the entire life cycle of an animal and also causes infertility among animals.